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Race and virulence characterization of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici in China

the great deal of effort was made by our colleagues to get asexual samples in different locations. Author Contributions Data curation: Xiao Feng Xu. Funding acquisition: Tian Ya Li, Yuan Yin Cao ... . Investigation: Tian Ya Li, Xian Xin Wu, Si Chen, Xiao Feng Xu, Hao Wang, Yuan Yin Cao. Project administration: Tian Ya Li. Resources: Si Chen. Supervision: Yuan Yin Cao. Writing ? original draft: Tian Ya Li

Correction: Transplantation of HGF gene-engineered skeletal myoblasts improve infarction recovery in a rat myocardial ischemia model

Lu-Hua Cui Xiao- Feng He Xu-Jiong Li Hui-Jin Du Bao Li A portion of the caption for Fig 5 is incorrectly duplicated within the Fig 6 caption. Additionally, the , #, and ² symbols are incorrectly

Prevalence and risk factors of monochorionic diamniotic twinning after assisted reproduction: A six-year experience base on a large cohort of pregnancies

Medical University are acknowledged for their continued efforts and supports. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Bing Song, Zhao-Lian Wei, Ping Zhou. Data curation: Bing Song, Xiao-Feng Xu, Xue Wang ... . Supervision: Xiao-Feng Xu. Validation: Yun-Xia Cao. Writing ± original draft: Bing Song. Writing ± review & editing: Zhao-Lian Wei, Yun-Xia Cao. 7 / 9 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21

Association of the Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Gene T786C Polymorphism with In-Stent Restenosis in Chinese Han Patients with Coronary Artery Disease Treated with Drug-Eluting Stent

Background and aim Many studies have reported that genetic variants correlate with higher risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) or in-stent restenosis (ISR) after bare metal stent (BMS) implantation. However, there is limited data assessing the impact of these variants on ISR in patients treated with drug-eluting stent (DES). The purpose of this study was to investigate the...

Activation of the miR-34a/SIRT1/p53 Signaling Pathway Contributes to the Progress of Liver Fibrosis via Inducing Apoptosis in Hepatocytes but Not in HSCs

Liver fibrosis results from a sustained wound healing response to chronic liver injury, and the activation of nonparenchymal hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is the pivotal process. MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) is the direct target gene of p53 and activates p53 through sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) simultaneously. The miR-34a/SIRT1/p53 signaling pathway thus forms a positive feedback loop wherein p53...

Seedling Resistance to Stem Rust and Molecular Marker Analysis of Resistance Genes in Wheat Cultivars of Yunnan, China

Xin Wu 0 Xiao Feng Xu 0 Wan Lin Wang 0 0 College of Plant Protection, Shenyang Agricultural University , Shenyang, Liaoning , China Stem rust is one of the most potentially harmful wheat diseases, but

Role of amygdala kisspeptin in pubertal timing in female rats

reproductive function in the offspring. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Daniel A. Adekunbi, Xiao Feng Li, Olufeyi A. Adegoke, Bolanle O. Iranloye, Ayodele O. Morakinyo, Stafford L. Lightman, Paul D ... . Taylor, Lucilla Poston, Kevin T. O'Byrne. Data curation: Daniel A. Adekunbi, Xiao Feng Li, Shengyun Li, Paul D. Taylor. Formal analysis: Daniel A. Adekunbi, Xiao Feng Li. Funding acquisition: Stafford L

Blocking of stromal interaction molecule 1 expression influence cell proliferation and promote cell apoptosis in vitro and inhibit tumor growth in vivo in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Calcium signal plays an important role in a variety of cancer cell metabolism, but knowledge on its role in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is limited. Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) is the principal Ca2+ entry mechanism that maintains calcium concentration and produces calcium signal in non-excitable cells. SOCE is triggered by stromal interaction molecule 1...

Transplantation of HGF gene-engineered skeletal myoblasts improve infarction recovery in a rat myocardial ischemia model

Background Skeletal myoblast transplantation seems a promising approach for the repair of myocardial infarction (MI). However, the low engraftment efficacy and impaired angiogenic ability limit the clinical efficiency of the myoblasts. Gene engineering with angiogenic growth factors promotes angiogenesis and enhances engraftment of transplanted skeletal myoblasts, leading to...

MicroRNA-93 Promotes Epithelial–Mesenchymal Transition of Endometrial Carcinoma Cells

MicroRNA-93, derived from a paralog (miR-106b-25) of the miR-17-92 cluster, is involved in the tumorigenesis and progression of many cancers such as breast, colorectal, hepatocellular, lung, ovarian, and pancreatic cancer. However, the role of miR-93 in endometrial carcinoma and the potential molecular mechanisms involved remain unknown. Our results showed that miR-93 was...

Trichoderma Biodiversity of Agricultural Fields in East China Reveals a Gradient Distribution of Species

We surveyed the Trichoderma (Hypocreales, Ascomycota) biodiversity in agricultural fields in four major agricultural provinces of East China. Trichoderma strains were identified based on molecular approaches and morphological characteristics. In three sampled seasons (spring, summer and autumn), 2078 strains were isolated and identified to 17 known species: T. harzianum (429...

A preliminary study of skin ultrasound in diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis: Does skin echogenicity matter?

Objective To evaluate the usefulness of skin ultrasound and acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) quantification in diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc). Patients and methods 28 patients with dcSSc, and 15 age gender matched normal controls were recruited. Skin echogenicity, thickness, and ARFI quantification were measured by ultrasound at 17 sites corresponding to the...

Risk Factors for Complications after Reduction Mammoplasty: A Meta-Analysis

Background Reduction mammoplasty (RM) is a proven method of treating macromastia, but the risk factors for postoperative complications have not been clearly identified. Through this meta-analysis, the authors aimed to identify the risk factors of RM complications. Methods An extensive search of the literature describing complications after RM was performed using the PubMed...

On the Constitutive Model of Nitrogen-Containing Austenitic Stainless Steel 316LN at Elevated Temperature

The nitrogen-containing austenitic stainless steel 316LN has been chosen as the material for nuclear main-pipe, which is one of the key parts in 3rd generation nuclear power plants. In this research, a constitutive model of nitrogen-containing austenitic stainless steel is developed. The true stress-true strain curves obtained from isothermal hot compression tests over a wide...

Manganese Toxicity in Sugarcane Plantlets Grown on Acidic Soils of Southern China

Ratoon sugarcane plantlets in southern China have suffered a serious chlorosis problem in recent years. To reveal the causes of chlorosis, plant nutrition in chlorotic sugarcane plantlets and the role of manganese (Mn) in this condition were investigated. The study results showed that the pH of soils growing chlorotic plantlets ranged from 3.74 to 4.84. The symptoms of chlorosis...

Detangling the Effects of Environmental Filtering and Dispersal Limitation on Aggregated Distributions of Tree and Shrub Species: Life Stage Matters

The pervasive pattern of aggregated tree distributions in natural communities is commonly explained by the joint effect of two clustering processes: environmental filtering and dispersal limitation, yet little consensus remains on the relative importance of the two clustering processes on tree aggregations. Different life stages of examined species were thought to be one possible...

Occult HBV Infection in Immunized Neonates Born to HBsAg-Positive Mothers: A Prospective and Follow-Up Study

Objective Occult HBV infection (OBI) has been reported in infants born to HBsAg-positive mothers despite immunization. This study aims to determine the maintenance of this status in a prospective birth cohort. Methods A total of 158 neonates born to HBsAg-positive mothers were enrolled. All received passive-active immunization against HBV according to a 0-1-6 schedule. Sera were...

Association between the XRCC1 Polymorphisms and Thyroid Cancer Risk: A Meta-Analysis from Case-Control Studies

Background The previous published data on the association between the X-ray repair cross-conplementation group 1 (XRCC1) polymorphisms and thyroid cancer risk remained controversial. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis on all available studies that provided 1729 cases and 3774 controls (from 11 studies) for XRCC1 Arg399Gln, 1040 cases and 2487 controls for Arg194Trp (from 7...

SVM-Prot 2016: A Web-Server for Machine Learning Prediction of Protein Functional Families from Sequence Irrespective of Similarity

Knowledge of protein function is important for biological, medical and therapeutic studies, but many proteins are still unknown in function. There is a need for more improved functional prediction methods. Our SVM-Prot web-server employed a machine learning method for predicting protein functional families from protein sequences irrespective of similarity, which complemented...

Variants of the PPARD Gene and Their Clinicopathological Significance in Colorectal Cancer

Background Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARD) is nuclear hormone receptor involved in colorectal cancer (CRC) differentiation and progression. The purpose of this study was to determine prevalence and spectrum of variants in the PPARD gene in CRC, and their contribution to clinicopathological endpoints. Methods and Findings Direct sequencing of the PPARD...