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A New Similarity Measure between Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets and Its Application to Pattern Recognition

As a generation of ordinary fuzzy set, the concept of intuitionistic fuzzy set (IFS), characterized both by a membership degree and by a nonmembership degree, is a more flexible way to cope with the uncertainty. Similarity measures of intuitionistic fuzzy sets are used to indicate the similarity degree between intuitionistic fuzzy sets. Although many similarity measures for...

Impact of atmospheric and oceanic conditions on the frequency and genesis location of tropical cyclones over the western North Pacific in 2004 and 2010

This study examines the impact of atmospheric and oceanic conditions during May–August of 2004 and 2010 on the frequency and genesis location of tropical cyclones over the western North Pacific. Using the WRF model, four numerical experiments were carried out based on different atmospheric conditions and SST forcing. The numerical experiments indicated that changes in atmospheric...

Improved long-term expression from helper virus-free HSV-1 vectors packaged using combinations of mutated HSV-1 proteins that include the UL13 protein kinase and specific components of the VP16 transcriptional complex

Meng Liu 0 Xiaodan Wang 0 Alfred I Geller 0 0 Address: Department of Neurology, West Roxbury VA Hospital/Harvard Medical School , W. Roxbury, MA 02132 , USA Background: Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV

Enhanced nigrostriatal neuron-specific, long-term expression by using neural-specific promoters in combination with targeted gene transfer by modified helper virus-free HSV-1 vector particles

Background Direct gene transfer into neurons has potential for developing gene therapy treatments for specific neurological conditions, and for elucidating neuronal physiology. Due to the complex cellular composition of specific brain areas, neuronal type-specific recombinant gene expression is required for many potential applications of neuronal gene transfer. One approach is to...

Infinitely many solutions for a fourth-order differential equation on a nonlinear elastic foundation

In this paper, existence results of infinitely many solutions for a fourth-order differential equation with nonlinear boundary conditions are established. The proof is based on variational methods. Some recent results are improved and extended.

Epigenetic synergy between decitabine and platinum derivatives

Background Aberrant epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes has been recognized as a driving force in cancer. Epigenetic drugs such as the DNA methylation inhibitor decitabine reactivate genes and are effective in myeloid leukemia, but resistance often develops and efficacy in solid tumors is limited. To improve their clinical efficacy, we searched among approved anti...

Earlier nephrology consultation may not be associated with improved short-term survival of acute kidney injury in very elderly men

Xiaodan Wang 1 0 Department of Clinical Data repository , Chinese People's liberation Army general hospital, Beijing , China 1 Department of geriatric n ephrology PowerdbyTCPDF(ww.tcpdf.org) Objectives: A

Outcomes of renal function in elderly patients with acute kidney injury

Outcomes of renal function in elderly patients with acute kidney injury Qinglin Li,1 Meng Zhao,2 Jing Du,1 Xiaodan Wang1,3 1Department of Geriatric Nephrology, 2Department of Clinical Data Repository, 3Department of Health Care, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the prognostic impact of clinical...

AKI in the very elderly patients without preexisting chronic kidney disease: a comparison of 48-hour window and 7-day window for diagnosing AKI using the KDIGO criteria

AKI in the very elderly patients without preexisting chronic kidney disease: a comparison of 48-hour window and 7-day window for diagnosing AKI using the KDIGO criteria Qinglin Li,1 Meng Zhao,2 Xiaodan Wang1 1Department of Health Care, Nanlou Division, Chinese PLA General Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Diseases, Beijing, China; 2Department of Clinical...

S100B-RAGE-Mediated Augmentation of Angiotensin II-Induced Activation of JAK2 in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Is Dependent on PLD2

Angiotensin II (Ang II), a vasoactive peptide that is also considered a growth factor, has been implicated in both normal and diabetic cellular proliferation. We recently found that activation of janus kinase 2 (JAK2) is essential for the Ang II–induced proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and that high glucose augments Ang II–induced proliferation of VSMCs by...

Inhibition of the JAK/STAT Signaling Pathway Prevents the High Glucose-Induced Increase in TGF-β and Fibronectin Synthesis in Mesangial Cells

High glucose (HG) causes glomerular mesangial cell (GMC) growth, production of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, and increased synthesis of matrix proteins such as fibronectin, contributing to diabetic nephropathy. We recently found that exposure of cells to HG also activates the growth-promoting enzyme janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and its latent signal transducers and activators of...

Epigenomic profiling indicates a role for DNA methylation in early postnatal liver development

The question of whether DNA methylation contributes to the stabilization of gene expression patterns in differentiated mammalian tissues remains controversial. Using genome-wide methylation profiling, we screened 3757 gene promoters for changes in methylation during postnatal liver development to test the hypothesis that developmental changes in methylation and expression are...

Folic acid-functionalized drug delivery platform of resveratrol based on Pluronic 127/D-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate mixed micelles

Zhuang, Te Han, Yanping Bi, Jianzhu Wang, Xiaodan Wang College of Pharmacy, Taishan Medical University, Taian, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: A folic ... of Pharmacy, Taishan Medical University , Taian, People's republic of china 1 Kai Jin Qiannan Zhuang Te han Yanping Bi Jianzhu Wang Xiaodan Wang A folic acid (FA)-functionalized drug vehicle platform

Protective Effects of Baicalin on Decidua Cells of LPS-Induced Mice Abortion

; Accepted 5 March 2014; Published 31 March 2014 Academic Editor: Mario Clerici Copyright © 2014 Xiaodan Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution

Protective Effects of Baicalin on Decidua Cells of LPS-Induced Mice Abortion

; Accepted 5 March 2014; Published 31 March 2014 Academic Editor: Mario Clerici Copyright © 2014 Xiaodan Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution

Protective Effects of Baicalin on Decidua Cells of LPS-Induced Mice Abortion

; Accepted 5 March 2014; Published 31 March 2014 Academic Editor: Mario Clerici Copyright © 2014 Xiaodan Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution

Bioactivity-guided fractionation of the triglyceride-lowering component and in vivo and in vitro evaluation of hypolipidemic effects of Calyx seu Fructus Physalis

Background In folklore, some people take the decoction of Calyx seu Fructus Physalis (CSFP) for lowering blood lipids. The present study is designed to evaluate the lipid-lowering activities of CSFP, and search for its pharmacodynamical material. Methods CSFP was extracted by water and 75% ethanol, respectively. The extracts of CSFP for reducing serum lipid levels were evaluated...

Frequency Domain Analysis for An Adaptive Windowing Parabolic Sliding Mode Filter

This paper analyses a frequency domain performance of an adaptive windowing parabolic sliding mode filter (AW-PSMF) by using Describing Function method. The analysis results show that AW-PSMF has similar gain characteristics to that of the second-order Butterworth low-pass filter (2-LPF), but AW-PSMF produces flatter gain behaviour than 2-LPF does at cutoff frequency. In addition...

Enhanced Discrete-Time Sliding Mode Filter for Removing Noise

This paper presents a new discrete-time sliding mode filter for effectively removing noise in control of mechatronic systems. The presented filter is an enhanced version of a sliding mode filter by employing an adaptive gain in determining a virtual desired velocity of the output. Owing to the use of backward Euler discretization, the discrete-time implementation of the filter...

Probability Estimation in the Framework of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Evidence Theory

Received 10 November 2014; Revised 24 March 2015; Accepted 9 April 2015 Academic Editor: Joao B. R. Do Val Copyright © 2015 Yafei Song and Xiaodan Wang. This is an open access article distributed under