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77 papers found.
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The groomed and ungroomed jet mass distribution for inclusive jet production at the LHC

Abstract We study jet mass distributions measured in the single inclusive jet production in proton-proton collisions pp → jet+X at the LHC. We consider both standard ungroomed jets as well as soft drop groomed jets. Within the Soft Collinear Effective Theory (SCET), we establish QCD factorization theorems for both cases and we study their relation. The developed framework allows...

A Composite Model of Wound Segmentation Based on Traditional Methods and Deep Neural Networks

Wound segmentation plays an important supporting role in the wound observation and wound healing. Current methods of image segmentation include those based on traditional process of image and those based on deep neural networks. The traditional methods use the artificial image features to complete the task without large amounts of labeled data. Meanwhile, the methods based on...

Influencing factors analysis and modeling of hospital-acquired infection in elderly patients

Hospital-acquired infection threatens the patients’ health and life and also impacts medical quality by decreasing the bed turnover rate, prolonging hospitalization, increasing hospital costs and bringing the patients the huge economic losses. Therefore, hospital infection management is the focus of today’s hospital management and one of the most prominent public health problems...

The transverse momentum distribution of hadrons within jets

We study the transverse momentum distribution of hadrons within jets, where the transverse momentum is defined with respect to the standard jet axis. We consider the case where the jet substructure measurement is performed for an inclusive jet sample pp → jet + X. We demonstrate that this observable provides new opportunities to study transverse momentum dependent fragmentation...

Antisymmetry of oceanic eddies across the Kuroshio over a shelfbreak

From the analysis of oceanic eddies detected in the drifter trajectories of the Global Drifter Program (GDP) data set, it was found that oceanic eddies are asymmetrically distributed across the Kuroshio in the East China Sea: predominant cyclonic (anticyclonic) eddies are on the western (eastern) sides of Kuroshio. This distribution is confirmed by high-resolution numerical...

Power corrections in the N -jettiness subtraction scheme

We discuss the leading-logarithmic power corrections in the N -jettiness subtraction scheme for higher-order perturbative QCD calculations. We compute the next-to-leading order power corrections for an arbitrary N -jet process, and we explicitly calculate the power correction through next-to-next-to-leading order for color-singlet production for both \( q\overline{q} \) and gg...

Efficient Adsorption of Sulfamethazine onto Modified Activated Carbon: A Plausible Adsorption Mechanism

Activated carbon (AC) was modified by FeCl3. Batch experiments were carried out to evaluate the characteristics of equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics of Sulfamethazine adsorption onto original and modified AC. The results showed that Fe3+ treatment changed the surface area, pore volume and surface zeta potential and increased the number of surface oxygenic functional groups...

Impacts of the IOD-associated temperature and salinity anomalies on the intermittent equatorial undercurrent anomalies

The study of Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) has attracted a broad attention in recent years due to its strong response and feedback to the Indian Ocean Dipole. In this paper, we first produce a high-quality simulation of three-dimensional temperature, salinity and zonal current simulation from 1982 to 2014, using a high-resolution ocean general circulation model. On this basis...

Down-regulation of PDK4 is Critical for the Switch of Carbohydrate Catabolism during Syncytialization of Human Placental Trophoblasts

Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) is known as a gatekeeper directing the carbon flux into glycolysis via inhibition of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. During syncytialization of placental trophoblasts, both ATP production and oxygen consumption are increased to meet enhanced energetic demands by syntiotrophoblasts. We hypothesized that down-regulation of PDK expression may...

HCPCF-based in-line fiber Fabry-Perot refractometer and high sensitivity signal processing method

Citation: Xiaohui LIU, Mingshun JIANG, Qingmei SUI, Xiangyi GENG, and Furong SONG, ?HCPCF-Based In-Line Fiber Fabry-Perot Refractometer and High Sensitivity Signal Processing Method,? Photonic

Interferometric distributed sensing system with phase optical time-domain reflectometry

Citation: Chen WANG, Ying SHANG, Xiaohui LIU, Chang WANG, Hongzhong WANG, and Gangding PENG, “Interferometric Distributed Sensing System With Phase Optical Time-Domain Reflectometry,” Photonic

Crystal metamorphosis at stress extremes: how soft phonons turn into lattice defects

At 0 K, phonon instability controls the ideal strength and the ultrafast dynamics of defect nucleation in perfect crystals under high stress. However, how a soft phonon evolves into a lattice defect is still unclear. Here, we develop a full-Brillouin zone soft-phonon-searching algorithm that shows outstanding accuracy and efficiency for pinpointing general phonon instability...

Locus-specific Retention Predictor (LsRP): A Peptide Retention Time Predictor Developed for Precision Proteomics

The precision prediction of peptide retention time (RT) plays an increasingly important role in liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) based proteomics. Owing to the high reproducibility of liquid chromatography, RT prediction provides promising information for both identification and quantification experiment design. In this work, we present a Locus-specific...

Preparation and Characterization of Alkaline Anion Exchange Membrane for Fuel Cells Application

Alkaline anion exchange membrane (AAEM) plays an important role in the development of fuel cell. In this research, the electrostatic spinning technology was used to prepare AAEM. We use BC/TiO2 membrane as substrate by introduced quaternary ammonium groups to prepare BC/TiO2/CHPTAC (3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride) composite membranes. The as-prepared...

Interferometric distributed sensing system with phase optical time-domain reflectometry

We demonstrate a distributed optical fiber sensing system based on the Michelson interferometer of the phase sensitive optical time domain reflectometer (φ-OTDR) for acoustic measurement. Phase, amplitude, frequency response, and location information can be directly obtained at the same time by using the passive 3×3 coupler demodulation. We also set an experiment and successfully...

Distributed acoustic sensing with Michelson interferometer demodulation

The distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) has been extensively studied and widely used. A distributed acoustic sensing system based on the unbalanced Michelson interferometer with phase generated carrier (PGC) demodulation was designed and tested. The system could directly obtain the phase, amplitude, frequency response, and location information of sound wave at the same time and...

Efficient DS-UWB MUD Algorithm Using Code Mapping and RVM

A hybrid multiuser detection (MUD) using code mapping and a wrong code recognition based on relevance vector machine (RVM) for direct sequence ultra wide band (DS-UWB) system is developed to cope with the multiple access interference (MAI) and the computational efficiency. A new MAI suppression mechanism is studied in the following steps: firstly, code mapping, an optimal...