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Functional nanomaterials through esterification of cellulose: a review of chemistry and application

As the most abundant biopolymer in nature, cellulose has become a fascinating building block for the design of functional nanomaterials. Owing to the presence of numerous hydroxyl groups, cellulose provides a unique platform for the preparation of new materials via versatile chemical modifications. This critical review aims to present the advances about nanomaterials based on...

Ensilage of oats and wheatgrass under natural alpine climatic conditions by indigenous lactic acid bacteria species isolated from high-cold areas

acquisition: Yanping Wang, Zhen Jiao, Zhongfang Tan. Investigation: Miao Zhang, Meiyan Cui. Resources: Miao Zhang, Xiaojie Wang. Software: Miao Zhang. Supervision: Zhongfang Tan. Writing ± original draft

Physio-biochemical and molecular mechanism underlying the enhanced heavy metal tolerance in highland barley seedlings pre-treated with low-dose gamma irradiation

and Frontier Technology Research Project of Henan Province (142300413204). Author information Author notes Xiaojie Wang and Ruonan Ma contributed equally to this work. AffiliationsHenan Key ... Laboratory of Ion- beam Bioengineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450052, ChinaXiaojie Wang, Ruonan Ma, Dongjie Cui, Qing Cao, Zhe Shan & Zhen Jiao AuthorsSearch for Xiaojie Wang in:Nature Research

Application of BSDE in Standard Inventory Financing Loan

This paper examines the issue of loans obtained by the small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) from banks through the mortgage inventory of goods. And the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio which affects the loan business is a very critical factor. In this paper, we provide a general framework to determine a bank’s optimal loan-to-value (LTV) ratio when we consider the collateral value...

An Anonymous Access Authentication Scheme Based on Proxy Ring Signature for CPS-WMNs

be addressed to Xiaojie Wang; nc.ude.tuld.liam@8891jxgnaw and Xiaoxue Gong; nc.ude.uen.liamuts@euxoaixgnog Received 27 January 2017; Accepted 12 April 2017; Published 4 June 2017 Academic Editor: Jun

Magnetic field effect in natural cryptochrome explored with model compound

Defense Technology, 410073, Changsha, ChinaJinping Guo & Xiaojie Wang AuthorsSearch for Shubhajit Paul in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Alexey S. Kiryutin in:Nature Research ... for Jörg Matysik in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Alexandra V. Yurkovskaya in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Xiaojie Wang in:Nature

Maximizing the Spread of Influence via Generalized Degree Discount

It is a crucial and fundamental issue to identify a small subset of influential spreaders that can control the spreading process in networks. In previous studies, a degree-based heuristic called DegreeDiscount has been shown to effectively identify multiple influential spreaders and has severed as a benchmark method. However, the basic assumption of DegreeDiscount is not adequate...

Convergence Analysis of Contrastive Divergence Algorithm Based on Gradient Method with Errors

Academic Editor: Julien Bruchon Copyright © 2015 Xuesi Ma and Xiaojie Wang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use

Effects of viscosity and varying gravity on liquid sloshing in a carrier subjected to external excitations

Liming Dai Xiaojie Wang The nonlinear dynamic behavior of liquid sloshing in a carrier is investigated in this research with consideration the effects of viscosity of the liquid and varying gravity

Transcriptome Analysis Provides Insights into the Mechanisms Underlying Wheat Plant Resistance to Stripe Rust at the Adult Plant Stage

Stripe rust (or yellow rust), which is caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is one of the most devastating wheat diseases worldwide. The wheat cultivar Xingzi 9104 (XZ) is an elite wheat germplasm that possesses adult plant resistance (APR), which is non–race-specific and durable. Thus, to better understand the mechanism underlying APR, we performed transcriptome...

Beyond the uterine environment: a nonhuman primate model to investigate maternal–fetal and neonatal outcomes following chronic intrauterine infection

BackgroundIntrauterine infection is a significant cause of early preterm birth. We have developed a fetal–neonatal model in the rhesus macaque to determine the impact of chronic intrauterine infection with Ureaplasma parvum on early neonatal reflexes and brain development.MethodsTime-mated, pregnant rhesus macaques were randomized to be inoculated with U. parvum (serovar 1; 105 c...

MSX2 Induces Trophoblast Invasion in Human Placenta

Normal implantation depends on appropriate trophoblast growth and invasion. Inadequate trophoblast invasion results in pregnancy-related disorders, such as early miscarriage and pre-eclampsia, which are dangerous to both the mother and fetus. Msh Homeobox 2 (MSX2), a member of the MSX family of homeobox proteins, plays a significant role in the proliferation and differentiation...

Obtaining Cross Modal Similarity Metric with Deep Neural Architecture

Analyzing complex system with multimodal data, such as image and text, has recently received tremendous attention. Modeling the relationship between different modalities is the key to address this problem. Motivated by recent successful applications of deep neural learning in unimodal data, in this paper, we propose a computational deep neural architecture, bimodal deep...

Obtaining Cross Modal Similarity Metric with Deep Neural Architecture

Analyzing complex system with multimodal data, such as image and text, has recently received tremendous attention. Modeling the relationship between different modalities is the key to address this problem. Motivated by recent successful applications of deep neural learning in unimodal data, in this paper, we propose a computational deep neural architecture, bimodal deep...

Lower hybrid current drive experiments in support of high confinement long pulse operation in EAST

The lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) system plays a crucial role in the mission of the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) and is a prerequisite for reaching long pulse, high confinement plasmas on EAST [1, 2]. LHCD experiments and modelling [3] have been carried out on EAST in 2015-2016, with the aim to optimising EAST long pulse scenarios, and at the same time...

Genome-Wide Analysis of Simple Sequence Repeats and Efficient Development of Polymorphic SSR Markers Based on Whole Genome Re-Sequencing of Multiple Isolates of the Wheat Stripe Rust Fungus

The biotrophic parasitic fungus Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) causes stripe rust, a devastating disease of wheat, endangering global food security. Because the Pst population is highly dynamic, it is difficult to develop wheat cultivars with durable and highly effective resistance. Simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are widely used as molecular markers in genetic studies...

TAT-Mediated Acidic Fibroblast Growth Factor Delivery to the Dermis Improves Wound Healing of Deep Skin Tissue in Rat

Background The definition of deep tissue injury was derived from multiple clinical cases as “A purple or maroon localized area of discolored intact skin or blood-filled blister due to damage of underlying soft tissue from pressure and/or shear”. Acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) significantly improves wound healing under diabetic conditions. However, to date, the therapeutic...

SOX2 Enhances the Migration and Invasion of Ovarian Cancer Cells via Src Kinase

Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among gynecologic cancers and is the fifth leading cause of all cancer-related deaths among women. The development of novel molecular targets is therefore important to many patients. Recently, the SRY-related transcription factor SOX2 has been widely reported to be involved in multiple pathophysiological diseases, including maintenance...

Hair Follicle Dermal Sheath Derived Cells Improve Islet Allograft Survival without Systemic Immunosuppression

: Jacek Tabarkiewicz Copyright © 2015 Xiaojie Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and ... conflicts of interest. Authors’ Contribution Xiaojie Wang researched data, contributed to discussion, wrote the paper, and edited the paper. Jianqiang Hao, Gigi Leung, Nicole Kwong, and Noushin Akhoundsadegh

Hypoxia attenuates Hsp90 inhibitor 17-DMAG-induced cyclin B1 accumulation in hepatocellular carcinoma cells

Hypoxia stress plays a pivotal role in tumor formation, proliferation, and invasion. Conventional chemotherapy is less effective in the hypoxia microenvironment of solid tumor. Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is an important molecular chaperone in cancer cells and has been a pharmaceutical target for decades. However, Hsp90 inhibitors demonstrate limited effect on solid tumor and...