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22 papers found.
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Atomic Layer Deposition of Buffer Layers for the Growth of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays

Vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays (VACNTs) show a great potential for various applications, such as thermal interface materials (TIMs). Besides the thermally oxidized SiO2, atomic layer deposition (ALD) was also used to synthesize oxide buffer layers before the deposition of the catalyst, such as Al2O3, TiO2, and ZnO. The growth of VACNTs was found to be largely dependent...

Improving Magnetofection of Magnetic Polyethylenimine Nanoparticles into MG-63 Osteoblasts Using a Novel Uniform Magnetic Field

This study aimed to improve the magnetofection of MG-63 osteoblasts by integrating the use of a novel uniform magnetic field with low molecular weight polyethylenimine modified superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (PEI-SPIO-NPs). The excellent characteristics of PEI-SPIO-NPs such as size, zeta potential, the pDNA binding and protective ability were determined to be suitable...

System Dynamics Modeling of Chinese Urban Housing Markets for Pedagogical and Policy Analysis Purposes

This paper reports on the current state of a project to develop a system dynamics (SD) model for urban housing markets in China, aimed at facilitating policy analysis and supporting practical educational tools that might reach large numbers of potential entrepreneurs in China. Although numerous academic papers have applied SD models to real estate markets over the past generation...

Overexpression of OsbHLH107, a member of the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor family, enhances grain size in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

BackgroundGrain size, which is determined by grain length, grain width, and grain thickness, is an important determinant for grain yield in rice. Identification and characterization of new genes that are associated with grain size will be helpful for the improvement of grain yield in rice.ResultsWe characterized the grain size mutant, larger grain size 1 (lgs1), derived from rice...

Identification of a Splicing Mutation in ITPR1 via WES in a Chinese Early-Onset Spinocerebellar Ataxia Family

Mutations in the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor type 1 gene (ITPR1) lead to SCA15, SCA16, and SCA29. To date, only a few families with SCA29 have been reported. A three-generation Chinese family including four affected persons and two unaffected persons were enrolled in this study. We conducted whole-exome sequencing (WES) of the proband DNA initially to find the causal...

Reducing and Uniforming the Co3 O 4 Particle Size by Sulfonated Graphenal Polymers for Electrochemical Applications

A novel two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterial, namely sulfonated graphenal polymer (SGP), is used to tune the hydrothermal growth of Co3O4 nanoparticles. SGP provides abundant nucleation sites to grow Co3O4 nanoparticles and effectively reduces the particle size and dimension. As a result, with considering the improved size uniformity of Co3O4 and the tight wrapping of SGP around...

Experimental Study on Thermal Conductivity and Hardness of Cu and Ni Nanoparticle Packed Bed for Thermoelectric Application

The hot-wire method is applied in this paper to probe the thermal conductivity (TC) of Cu and Ni nanoparticle packed beds (NPBs). A different decrease tendency of TC versus porosity than that currently known is discovered. The relationship between the porosity and nanostructure is investigated to explain this unusual phenomenon. It is found that the porosity dominates the TC of...

Synergistic Enhancement of Antitumor Efficacy by PEGylated Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes Modified with Cell-Penetrating Peptide TAT

In the present study, a cell-penetrating peptide, the transactivating transcriptional factor (TAT) domain from HIV, was linked to PEGylated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) to develop a highly effective antitumor drug delivery system. FITC was conjugated on MWCNTs-polyethylene glycol (PEG) and MWCNTs-PEG-TAT to provide fluorescence signal for tracing the cellular uptake of...

Influence of Nanopore Shapes on Thermal Conductivity of Two-Dimensional Nanoporous Material

-Xin Zhang 0 Ge Wang 2 0 School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing , Beijing 100083 , China 1 School of Electric Power Engineering, China University of Mining and

Sodium Tanshinone IIA Sulfonate Enhances Effectiveness Rt-PA Treatment in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients Associated with Ameliorating Blood-Brain Barrier Damage

Treatment with sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) may ameliorate blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage in acute ischemic stroke patients receiving recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) thrombolysis and improve stroke patients’ outcome. This randomized, single-center, placebo-controlled clinical trial investigated the potential effects and underlying mechanisms of STS...

Interfacial polygonal patterning via surfactant-mediated self-assembly of gold nanoparticles

In this work, we explored the formation processes of interfacial polygonal patterning via surfactant-mediated self-assembly of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). We found that a balance between DDT-capped AuNPs and PVP-passivated AuNPs is a key to making these inorganic–organic thin films. The interfacial polygonal patterning possesses many processing advantages and flexibilities, such...

The prognostic value of Foxp3+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in patients with glioblastoma

) and overall survival (OS) were estimated by Kaplan-Meier method and compared using log-rank test. Independent prognostic factors for PFS Qi Yue and Xin Zhang have contributed equally to this study. Ying

Suspended hybrid films assembled from thiol-capped gold nanoparticles

In this work, we explored the formation processes of suspended hybrid thin films of thiol-capped Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) inside metal oxide tubular structures. We found that a balance between in-film interactions of the AuNPs and boundary interactions with metal oxides is a key in making these special organic–inorganic thin films. The hybrid films process many processing...

Uncertainty Estimates of Purity Measurements Based on Current Information: Toward a “Live Validation” of Purity Methods

Purpose To predict precision and other performance characteristics of chromatographic purity methods, which represent the most widely used form of analysis in the biopharmaceutical industry. Methods We have conducted a comprehensive survey of purity methods, and show that all performance characteristics fall within narrow measurement ranges. This observation was used to develop a...

Prenatal and Perinatal Risk Factors for Autism in China

We conducted a case–control study using 190 Han children with and without autism to investigate prenatal and perinatal risk factors for autism in China. Cases were recruited through public special education schools and controls from regular public schools in the same region (Tianjin), with frequency matching on sex and birth year. Unadjusted analyses identified seven prenatal and...