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Microbiome: from community metabolism to host diseases

diseases, metabolic diseases, autoimmune diseases and cancer immunotherapy and he has published more than 30 papers in Nature, Science, PLoS Biol and other top academic journals since 2009. Dr. Xiuzhu Dong

Characterization of an Archaeal Two-Component System That Regulates Methanogenesis in Methanosaeta harundinacea

Two-component signal transduction systems (TCSs) are a major mechanism used by bacteria in response to environmental changes. Although many sequenced archaeal genomes encode TCSs, they remain poorly understood. Previously, we reported that a methanogenic archaeon, Methanosaeta harundinacea, encodes FilI, which synthesizes carboxyl-acyl homoserine lactones, to regulate transitions...

Psychrotolerant methanogenic archaea: Diversity and cold adaptation mechanisms

Because of their diversity and abundance in a wide range of environments, particularly in cold regions, cold-adaptive archaea are expected to play a pivotal role in material recycling in cold environments. Methanogenic archaea are ubiquitous on earth and produce a large amount of methane (CH4) as their main carbon metabolite. Methanogens are the most laboratory amendable archaea...

Role of Operon aaoSo-mutT in Antioxidant Defense in Streptococcus oligofermentans

Previously, we have found that an insertional inactivation of aaoSo, a gene encoding L-amino acid oxidase (LAAO), causes marked repression of the growth of Streptococcus oligofermentans. Here, we found that aaoSo and mutT, a homolog of pyrophosphohydrolase gene of Escherichia coli, constituted an operon. Deletion of either gene did not impair the growth of S. oligofermentans, but...

The Genome Characteristics and Predicted Function of Methyl-Group Oxidation Pathway in the Obligate Aceticlastic Methanogens, Methanosaeta spp

In this work, we report the complete genome sequence of an obligate aceticlastic methanogen, Methanosaeta harundinacea 6Ac. Genome comparison indicated that the three cultured Methanosaeta spp., M. thermophila, M. concilii and M. harundinacea 6Ac, each carry an entire suite of genes encoding the proteins involved in the methyl-group oxidation pathway, a pathway whose function is...

Metagenomic Insights into the Fibrolytic Microbiome in Yak Rumen

The rumen hosts one of the most efficient microbial systems for degrading plant cell walls, yet the predominant cellulolytic proteins and fibrolytic mechanism(s) remain elusive. Here we investigated the cellulolytic microbiome of the yak rumen by using a combination of metagenome-based and bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC)-based functional screening approaches. Totally 223...