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Characteristics and influencing factors of amyloid fibers in S. mutans biofilm

There are signs that amyloid fibers exist in Streptococcus mutans biofilm recently. However, the characteristics of amyloid fibers and fibrillation influencing factors are unknown. In this study, we firstly used transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) to observe the morphology of amyloid fibers in S. mutans. Then the extracted amyloid fibers from...

Synchrotron Radiation Circular Dichroism (SRCD) spectroscopy: New beamlines and new applications in biology

New advances in instrumentation, demonstration of proof-of-principle studies, and development of new tools and methods for data analysis and interpretation have enabled the technique of Synchrotron Radiation Circular Dichroism (SRCD) spectroscopy to become a useful tool for structural and functional biology. This paper discusses the characterisation of two new SRCD beamlines, CD1...

Research on the Direction of China's Energy Development and Coping Strategies Based on the Trend of World Energy Development

To realize the modernization of the national economy, it is necessary to develop energy science and technology for China,which is third largest countries in the world.The rapid development of science and technology has promoted the continuous transformation of the global energy industry. By analyzing the trend of energy development in the world today, this paper discusses the...

Meloidogyne aberrans sp. nov. (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae), a new root-knot nematode parasitizing kiwifruit in China

. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Ye Tao, Kan Zhuo, Jinling Liao. Data curation: Chunling Xu, Honghong Wang, Borong Lin, Kan Zhuo. Formal analysis: Ye Tao, Honghong Wang, Kan Zhuo. Funding ... acquisition: Kan Zhuo, Jinling Liao. Investigation: Ye Tao, Chunfen Yuan. Methodology: Ye Tao, Chunling Xu, Honghong Wang, Kan Zhuo. Software: Honghong Wang. Supervision: Jinling Liao. Writing ± original

Improved MPSP Method-based Cooperative Re-entry Guidance for Hypersonic Gliding Vehicles

A computationally sufficient technique is used to solve the 3-D cooperative re-entry guidance problem for hypersonic gliding vehicles. Due to the poor surrounding adaptive ability of the traditional cooperative guidance methods, a novel methodology, named as model predictive static programming (MPSP), is used to solve a class of finite-horizon optimal control problems with hard...

Improved MPSP Method-based Cooperative Re-entry Guidance for Hypersonic Gliding Vehicles

A computationally sufficient technique is used to solve the 3-D cooperative re-entry guidance problem for hypersonic gliding vehicles. Due to the poor surrounding adaptive ability of the traditional cooperative guidance methods, a novel methodology, named as model predictive static programming (MPSP), is used to solve a class of finite-horizon optimal control problems with hard...

Integrated analysis of aerodynamic/stealth characteristics of blended-wing-body lifting vehicle

In this paper, a blended-wing-body lifting vehicle is designed, with the cross section described by Class/Shape transformation method (CST), the outline controlled by an exponential function, and tail regulated by B-spline curve. Rapid estimation procedures of aerodynamic based on plane method and of radar cross section (RCS) based on physical optics are developed and validated...

The relationship between children’s oral health-related behaviors and their caregiver’s social support

Background Social support might play a role in helping people adopt healthy behaviors and improve their health. Stronger social support from mothers has been found to be positively related to higher tooth brushing frequency in 1- to 3-year-old children. However, little is known regarding the relationship between the caregiver’s social support and the oral health-related behaviors...

Smooth ZnO:Al-AgNWs Composite Electrode for Flexible Organic Light-Emitting Device

The high interest in organic light-emitting device (OLED) technology is largely due to their flexibility. Up to now, indium tin oxide (ITO) films have been widely used as transparent conductive electrodes (TCE) in organic opto-electronic devices. However, ITO films, typically deposited on glass are brittle and they make it difficult to produce flexible devices, restricting their...

Attentional selection predicts rapid automatized naming ability in Chinese-speaking children with ADHD

Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are reported to have a significantly higher risk of showing reading difficulties or disorders. Here, we aimed to identify the relationship between electroencephalographic (EEG) marker of spatial attention and reading ability in Chinese children with ADHD. First, we demonstrated that rapid automatized naming (RAN) is a...

Association between alcohol intake and the risk of pancreatic cancer: a dose–response meta-analysis of cohort studies

Background Studies examining the association between alcohol intake and the risk of pancreatic cancer have given inconsistent results. The purpose of this study was to summarize and examine the evidence regarding the association between alcohol intake and pancreatic cancer risk based on results from prospective cohort studies. Methods We searched electronic databases consisting...

The potential utilizations of hydrogen as a promising therapeutic strategy against ocular diseases

The potential utilizations of hydrogen as a promising therapeutic strategy against ocular diseases Ye Tao,1,* Lei Geng,2,* Wei-Wei Xu,1 Li-Min Qin,1 Guang-Hua Peng,1 Yi-Fei Huang1 1Department of

Genetic polymorphisms of the sortase A gene and social-behavioural factors associated with caries in children: a case–control study

Background Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) is the primary etiological agent of dental caries. Sortase is a transpeptidase that anchors several surface proteins to the S. mutans cell wall and has been shown to play a major role in cariogenicity. The purpose of this study was to explore the genetic polymorphisms of the sortase gene (srtA) and the social-behavioural factors...

Re-Identification Risk versus Data Utility for Aggregated Mobility Research Using Mobile Phone Location Data

Mobile phone location data is a newly emerging data source of great potential to support human mobility research. However, recent studies have indicated that many users can be easily re-identified based on their unique activity patterns. Privacy protection procedures will usually change the original data and cause a loss of data utility for analysis purposes. Therefore, the need...

The temporal topography of the N-Methyl- N-nitrosourea induced photoreceptor degeneration in mouse retina

Institute for Functional Brain Disorders, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an, 710032, PR ChinaWei Fang & Bei Liu AuthorsSearch for Ye Tao in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google

Similarity and difference in vegetation structure of three desert shrub communities under the same temperate climate but with different microhabitats

Background Community structure and species composition are closely related to plant diversity and ecosystem stability. To explore the similarity in vegetation structure of shrub communities under the same temperate climate but with different microhabitats, 36, 28 and 13 sampling plots in Ephedra distachya, Seriphidium terrae-albae and Artemisia songarica communities were selected...

High-performance flexible Ag nanowire electrode with low-temperature atomic-layer-deposition fabrication of conductive-bridging ZnO film

As material for flexible transparent electrodes for organic photoelectric devices, the silver nanowires (AgNWs) have been widely studied. In this work, we propose a hybrid flexible anode with photopolymer substrate, which is composed of spin-coating-processed AgNW meshes and of zinc oxide (ZnO) prepared by low-temperature (60°C) atomic layer deposition. ZnO effectively fills in...

Genetic polymorphisms of the sortase A gene and social-behavioural factors associated with caries in children: a case–control study

 Yu†1, 2, Ye Tao†1, 2, Rong Min Qiu1, 2, Yan Zhou1, 2, Qing Hui Zhi1, 2 and Huan Cai Lin1, 2Email author †Contributed equally BMC Oral Health201515:54 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-015-0039-1 ... and Ye Tao contributed equally to this work. Abbreviations S. mutans :  Streptococcus mutans DNA:  Deoxyribonucleic acid PCR:  Polymerase chain reaction WHO:  World Health Organization

Factors related to children’s caries: a structural equation modeling approach

Background Dental caries among preschool children is highly prevalent in many less-developed countries. Methods A model which explored the factors related to children’s dental caries was tested in this study using structural equation modeling. Caregivers of children aged 5 years were surveyed on their socioeconomic status, and their oral health knowledge, attitudes and practices...

Molecular cloning and mRNA expression of the peptidoglycan recognition protein gene HcPGRP1 and its isoform HcPGRP1a from the freshwater mussel Hyriopsis cumingi

Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are innate immune molecules that have been structurally conserved throughout evolution in invertebrates and vertebrates. In this study, peptidoglycan recognition protein HcPGRP1 and its isoform HcPGRP1a were identified in the freshwater mussel Hyriopsis cumingii. The full-length cDNAs of HcPGRP1 (973 bp) and HcPGRP1a (537 bp) encoded...