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Culturable endophytic fungal communities associated with plants in organic and conventional farming systems and their effects on plant growth

As compared to organic farming system, conventional farming system relies on higher inputs of synthetic agrochemicals, which may reduce the abundance, diversity, and beneficial effects of plant endophytic fungal communities. This study compares the diversity and abundance of culturable endophytic fungal communities associated with four plant species –corn, tomato, pepper, and...

The culturable endophytic fungal communities of switchgrass grown on a coal-mining site and their effects on plant growth

Justin Morse and Michael Kelly for their help with the greenhouse plant experiment and maintenance. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Ye Xia. Data curation: Ye Xia, Amna Amna. Formal analysis: Ye ... Xia, Stephen Obol Opiyo. Funding acquisition: Ye Xia. Investigation: Ye Xia. Methodology: Ye Xia, Amna Amna, Stephen Obol Opiyo. Project administration: Ye Xia. Resources: Ye Xia. Software: Ye Xia

Self-Powered Wireless Sensor Network for Automated Corrosion Prediction of Steel Reinforcement

University, Daytona Beach, FL, USA 3Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA Correspondence should be addressed to Ye Xia; nc.ude.ijgnot@aixy Received 25 July 2017; Revised 31 October 2017; Accepted 16 November

Self-Powered Wireless Sensor Network for Automated Corrosion Prediction of Steel Reinforcement

University, Daytona Beach, FL, USA 3Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA Correspondence should be addressed to Ye Xia; nc.ude.ijgnot@aixy Received 25 July 2017; Revised 31 October 2017; Accepted 16 November

New CZM for Interfacial Crack Growth

The cohesive zone model (CZM) has been widely used for numerical simulations of interface crack growth. However, geometrical and material discontinuities decrease the accuracy and efficiency of the CZM when based on the conventional finite element method (CFEM). In order to promote the development of numerical simulation of interfacial crack growth, a new CZM, based on the...

New CZM for Interfacial Crack Growth

The cohesive zone model (CZM) has been widely used for numerical simulations of interface crack growth. However, geometrical and material discontinuities decrease the accuracy and efficiency of the CZM when based on the conventional finite element method (CFEM). In order to promote the development of numerical simulation of interfacial crack growth, a new CZM, based on the...

New CZM for Interfacial Crack Growth

The cohesive zone model (CZM) has been widely used for numerical simulations of interface crack growth. However, geometrical and material discontinuities decrease the accuracy and efficiency of the CZM when based on the conventional finite element method (CFEM). In order to promote the development of numerical simulation of interfacial crack growth, a new CZM, based on the...

Lateral vibration analysis of continuous bridges utilizing equal displacement rule

The application of equal displacement rule simplifies the evaluation of lateral displacement demand forSDOF system. For complex multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) structures such as continuous bridge systems, however, it requires more investigations. In this paper, a comprehensive parametric study of the ratio of maximum inelastic displacement to maximum elastic displacement for...

Rapid Identification and Verification of Indirubin-Containing Medicinal Plants

Indirubin, one of the key components of medicinal plants including Isatis tinctoria, Polygonum tinctorium, and Strobilanthes cusia, possesses great medicinal efficacy in the treatment of chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML). Due to misidentification and similar name, materials containing indirubin and their close relatives frequently fall prey to adulteration. In this study, we...

Rapid Identification and Verification of Indirubin-Containing Medicinal Plants

Indirubin, one of the key components of medicinal plants including Isatis tinctoria, Polygonum tinctorium, and Strobilanthes cusia, possesses great medicinal efficacy in the treatment of chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML). Due to misidentification and similar name, materials containing indirubin and their close relatives frequently fall prey to adulteration. In this study, we...

Acetobixan, an Inhibitor of Cellulose Synthesis Identified by Microbial Bioprospecting

In plants, cellulose biosynthesis is an essential process for anisotropic growth and therefore is an ideal target for inhibition. Based on the documented utility of small-molecule inhibitors to dissect complex cellular processes we identified a cellulose biosynthesis inhibitor (CBI), named acetobixan, by bio-prospecting among compounds secreted by endophytic microorganisms...

A Refinement of Jensen's Inequality for a Class of Increasing and Concave Functions

Information Science and Engineering, University of Florida , Gainesville, FL 32611-6120 , USA Correspondence should be addressed to Ye Xia, yx1@cise.ufl.edu Suppose that f x is strictly increasing, strictly

The EDA-containing cellular fibronectin induces epithelial–mesenchymal transition in lung cancer cells through integrin α9β1-mediated activation of PI3-K/AKT and Erk1/2

Cellular fibronectin (cFN) is one of the main components of tissue extracellular matrices and is involved in multiple physiologic and pathologic processes such as embryogenesis, wound healing, inflammation and tumor progression. The function of fibronectin in regulating normal cell adhesion and migration is well documented, but its function in cancer progression is only partially...

Enhanced Disease Susceptibility 1 and Salicylic Acid Act Redundantly to Regulate Resistance Gene-Mediated Signaling

Resistance (R) protein–associated pathways are well known to participate in defense against a variety of microbial pathogens. Salicylic acid (SA) and its associated proteinaceous signaling components, including enhanced disease susceptibility 1 (EDS1), non–race-specific disease resistance 1 (NDR1), phytoalexin deficient 4 (PAD4), senescence associated gene 101 (SAG101), and EDS5...