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The comparison of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants versus well-managed warfarin with a lower INR target of 1.5 to 2.5 in Asians patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation

, Kuang-Tso Lee, Samuel Chi-Ling Hang. Methodology: Yi-Hsin Chan, Yi-Wei Kao, Chien-Ying Huang, Yung-Lung Chen. 14 / 16 Software: Yung-Lung Chen. Supervision: Pao-Hsien Chu. Validation: Samuel Chi-Ling

Adverse stroke outcomes among patients with bipolar disorder

-Chang Shia, Herng-Ching Lin, Jiunn-Horng Kang. Methodology: Pao-Huan Chen, Yi-Wei Kao, Ben-Chang Shia, Herng-Ching Lin. Writing ? original draft: Pao-Huan Chen, Yi-Wei Kao, Ben-Chang Shia, Herng-Ching

Distinct mucosal microbial communities in infants with surgical necrotizing enterocolitis correlate with age and antibiotic exposure

NEC/non-NEC status had a much stronger effect on microbial richness than infant age. (TIF) Author Contributions Conceptualization: Joann Romano-Keeler, Yi-Wei Tang, Jo?rn-Hendrik Weitkamp. Data ... Tovchigrechko, Chunlin Wang, Robert M. Brucker, Daniel J. Moore, Christopher Fonnesbeck, Hernan Correa, Yi-Wei Tang, Lora Hooper, Seth R. Bordenstein, Suman R. Das, Jo?rn-Hendrik Weitkamp. Project

Identifying genetic diversity of O antigens in Aeromonas hydrophila for molecular serotype detection

the strains. We thank Dr. Laiyou Wang for helpful suggestions. Author Contributions Funding acquisition: Bin Yang, Bin Liu. Data curation: Hengchun Cao, Chengqian Qian, Zhiqiu Yin, Lu Wang, Yi Wei

Arecoline inhibits the growth of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes via AMP-activated protein kinase and reactive oxygen species pathways

at the Academia Sinica, Taiwan, for technical assistance. Conceptualization: Jueng-Tsueng Weng, Yi-Wei Tsuei, Tsu-Shing Wang, Yung-Hsi Kao. Formal analysis: Zi-Han Tian, Li-Jane Shih, An-Ci Siao, Tsai ... -Yun Chan. Funding acquisition: Yi-Wei Tsuei, Yow-Chii Kuo, Yung-Hsi Kao. Investigation: Zi-Han Tian, An-Ci Siao, Tsai-Yun Chan, Yung-Hsi Kao. Methodology: Zi-Han Tian. Project administration: Zi-Han

Hydrophobic residues are critical for the helix-forming, hemolytic and bactericidal activities of amphipathic antimicrobial peptide TP4

a grant from Academia Sinica and Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (105-0210-0113-01). Data curation: Chinpan Chen, You-Di Liao. Formal analysis: Ting-Wei Chang, Shu-Yi Wei, Shih-Han Wang ... , Hung-Mu Wei, Yu-June Wang, Chiu-Feng Wang. Funding acquisition: Chinpan Chen, You-Di Liao. Investigation: Ting-Wei Chang, Shu-Yi Wei, Shih-Han Wang, Hung-Mu Wei, Yu-June Wang, Chiu-Feng Wang

The herbal decoction modified Danggui Buxue Tang attenuates immune-mediated bone marrow failure by regulating the differentiation of T lymphocytes in an immune-induced aplastic anemia mouse model

Conceptualization: Limin Chai. Data curation: Peiying Deng, Xue Li, Yi Wei. Formal analysis: Peiying Deng, Xue Li, Yi Wei, Juan Liu, Meng Chen. Funding acquisition: Limin Chai. Investigation: Lingqun Zhu, Limin

Preliminary dosimetric study on feasibility of multi-beam boron neutron capture therapy in patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma without craniotomy

Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma is a very frustrating disease. Since the tumor infiltrates the brain stem, surgical removal is often impossible. For conventional radiotherapy, the dose constraint of the brain stem impedes attempts at further dose escalation. Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), a targeted radiotherapy, carries the potential to selectively irradiate tumors with...

In-depth study of DNA binding of Cys2His2 finger domains in testis zinc-finger protein

Previously, we identified that both fingers 1 and 2 in the three Cys2His2 zinc-finger domains (TZD) of testis zinc-finger protein specifically bind to its cognate DNA; however, finger 3 is non-sequence–specific. To gain insights into the interaction mechanism, here we further investigated the DNA-binding characteristics of TZD bound to non-specific DNAs and its finger segments...

Nasal nitric oxide in unilateral sinus disease

Unilateral sinus disease (USD) can sometimes be difficult to accurately diagnose before surgery. The application of nasal nitric oxide (nNO) for USD diagnosis and its surgical outcome in USD has not been reported in the literature. We prospectively enrolled sixty-six USD patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for fungal rhinosinusitis (n = 19), chronic rhinosinusitis...

Impact of chronic rhinosinusitis on severe asthma patients

Coexistence of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with asthma appears to impair asthma control. Type-2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) respond to the cytokines of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), interleukin (IL)-25 and IL-33, thus contributing to airway diseases such as CRS and asthma. We investigate whether the augmented Th2-cytokines in CRS might be related to sinonasal tract...

The SLC6A3 gene possibly affects susceptibility to late-onset alcohol dependence but not specific personality traits in a Han Chinese population

Dopaminergic dysfunction has an important role in the pathoetiology of alcohol dependence (AD). The purpose of this study was to determine whether the solute carrier family 6 member 3 (SLC6A3) gene (also known as the dopamine transporter DAT gene) was associated with AD, and whether variants in the SLC6A3 locus were associated with specific personality traits in patients with AD...

IL-17A Induces Endothelial Inflammation in Systemic Sclerosis via the ERK Signaling Pathway

Recent reports have demonstrated that endothelial cells are involved in vascular inflammatory injury in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and interleukin-17A (IL-17A) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of SSC. However, little is known about the effects of IL-17A on endothelial cell inflammation in SSC. The aim of our study was to investigate the role of IL-17A in endothelial...

Decoy Oligonucleotide Rescues IGF1R Expression from MicroRNA-223 Suppression

A mature miRNA generally suppresses hundreds of mRNA targets. To evaluate the selective effect of synthetic oligonucleotide decoys on hsa-miR-223 activity, reporters containing 3’ untranslated regions (UTR) of IGF1R, FOXO1, POLR3G, FOXO3, CDC27, FBXW7 and PAXIP1 mRNAs were constructed for the luciferase assay. The oligonucleotide decoys were designed and synthesized according to...

An Inducible Fusaric Acid Tripartite Efflux Pump Contributes to the Fusaric Acid Resistance in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Background Fusaric acid (5-butylpicolinic acid), a mycotoxin, is noxious to some microorganisms. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia displays an intrinsic resistance to fusaric acid. This study aims to elucidate the mechanism responsible for the intrinsic fusaric acid resistance in S. maltophilia. Methodology A putative fusaric acid resistance-involved regulon fuaR-fuaABC was identified...

Inactivation of SmeSyRy Two-Component Regulatory System Inversely Regulates the Expression of SmeYZ and SmeDEF Efflux Pumps in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

SmeYZ efflux pump is a critical pump responsible for aminoglycosides resistance, virulence-related characteristics (oxidative stress susceptibility, motility, and secreted protease activity), and virulence in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. However, the regulatory circuit involved in SmeYZ expression is little known. A two-component regulatory system (TCS), smeRySy, transcribed...

An Early Instance of Upper Palaeolithic Personal Ornamentation from China: The Freshwater Shell Bead from Shuidonggou 2

We report the discovery and present a detailed analysis of a freshwater bivalve from Shuidonggou Locality 2, layer CL3. This layer is located c. 40 cm below layer CL2, which has yielded numerous ostrich eggshell beads. The shell is identified as the valve of a Corbicula fluminea. Data on the occurrence of this species in the Shuidonggou region during Marine Isotope Stage 3 and...

Morphogenetic Studies of the Drosophila DA1 Ventral Olfactory Projection Neuron

In the Drosophila olfactory system, odorant information is sensed by olfactory sensory neurons and relayed from the primary olfactory center, the antennal lobe (AL), to higher olfactory centers via olfactory projection neurons (PNs). A major portion of the AL is constituted with dendrites of four groups of PNs, anterodorsal PNs (adPNs), lateral PNs (lPNs), lateroventral PNs...

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia PhoP, a Two-Component Response Regulator, Involved in Antimicrobial Susceptibilities

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, a gram-negative bacterium, has increasingly emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen. It is well-known for resistance to a variety of antimicrobial agents including cationic antimicrobial polypeptides (CAPs). Resistance to polymyxin B, a kind of CAPs, is known to be controlled by the two-component system PhoPQ. To unravel the role of PhoPQ in...

The Description of Shale Reservoir Pore Structure Based on Method of Moments Estimation

Shale has been considered as good gas reservoir due to its abundant interior nanoscale pores. Thus, the study of the pore structure of shale is of great significance for the evaluation and development of shale oil and gas. To date, the most widely used approaches for studying the shale pore structure include image analysis, radiation and fluid invasion methods. The detailed pore...