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Coding Anisotropic Metasurface with Integrated Broadband Tunable Radiation and Low-Scattering Performance

In this paper, we propose a coding electromagnetic metasurface (EMMS) with integrated broadband tunable radiation and low-scattering performance. Anisotropic elements demonstrating opposite phases under x- and y-polarized incidence are investigated and coded as “0” and “1” basic elements. These elements are then arranged in an optimized layout using a simulated annealing...

Endodermal pouch-expressed dmrt2b is important for pharyngeal cartilage formation

Pharyngeal pouches, a series of outpocketings derived from the foregut endoderm, are essential for craniofacial skeleton formation. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying endodermal pouch-regulated head cartilage development are not fully understood. In this study, we find that zebrafish dmrt2b , a gene encoding Doublesex- and Mab-3-related transcription factor, is...

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Change in Ghrelin Levels After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

BackgroundRoux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is considered effective for weight loss and for treatment of many obesity-related metabolic diseases. Ghrelin is an essential orexigenic peptide that plays an indispensable role in controlling body weight and energy homeostasis of post-operative patients. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate changes in the level...

Ultra-wideband and Polarization-Insensitive Perfect Absorber Using Multilayer Metamaterials, Lumped Resistors, and Strong Coupling Effects

, Jun Gao, Xiang-Yu Cao, Zhao Zhang, Tao Liu, Yue-Jun Zheng, Chen Zhang, and Gui Zheng.“Erratum: “hybrid metamaterial device with wideband absorption and multiband transmission based on spoof surface

Angular- and Polarization-insensitive Ultrathin Double-layered Metamaterial Absorber for Ultra-wideband Application

We proposed an ultra-thin polarization-insensitive metamaterial absorber (MMA) for ultra-wideband and wide incident angle operation. The MMA is composed of double-layer symmetric split rings (SSRs) connected with two orthogonally-arranged bars and the ground metallic plane separated by two identical substrates. Multiple metallic layers and scalabilities are employed to provide...

O-GlcNAc elevation through activation of the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway enhances cancer cell chemoresistance

Chemoresistance has become a major obstacle to the success of cancer therapy, but the mechanisms underlying chemoresistance are not yet fully understood. O-GlcNAcylation is a post-translational modification that is regulated by the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP) and has an important role in a wide range of cellular functions. Here we assessed the role of O-GlcNAcylation in...

Molecular basis of binding between the global post-transcriptional regulator CsrA and the T3SS chaperone CesT

Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, ChinaFei Ye, Fanli Yang, Ruijie Yu, Xi Lin, Zhujun Chen, Yu Cao, Yuquan Wei & Guangwen LuCAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and ... in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Yu Cao in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Yuquan Wei in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar

A mitochondria-targeting artemisinin derivative with sharply increased antitumor but depressed anti-yeast and anti-malaria activities

was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation of China (31123004) and the National Basic Research Program of China (2013CB910700). Author information Author notesChen Sun & Yu Cao ... These authors contributed equally to this work. AffiliationsState Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, ChinaChen Sun, Yu Cao, Pan Zhu & Bing

Discovery of a Low Toxicity O-GlcNAc Transferase (OGT) Inhibitor by Structure-based Virtual Screening of Natural Products

modeling: Sijin Wu. Performed toxicity assay: Yu cao. Performed other experiments and analysis: Yubo Liu and Wenli Li. Wrote the paper: Yubo Liu and Jianing Zhang. Additional Information Supplementary

The Nedd8 Non-covalent Binding Region in the Smurf HECT Domain is Critical to its Ubiquitn Ligase Function

, analyzed the results, and wrote manuscript. Ping Xie participated in Smurf neddyaltion studies. Yu Cao analyzed the results of protein interaction docking. Lingqiang Zhang and Guanglong Dong conceived the

Effect of adherence on daytime sleepiness, fatigue, depression and sleep quality in the obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome patients undertaking nasal continuous positive airway pressure therapy

therapy Yeying Wang,1,2 Li Ai,1 Jiahong Luo,2 Ran Li,1 Yanlin Chai,1 Xiaojie He,1 Yu Cao,1 Yongxia Li1 1Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University

Minimising efficiency roll-off in high-brightness perovskite light-emitting diodes

, Nana Wang, Yu Cao, Yanfeng Miao, Mengmeng Xu, Qiang Guo, Li Zhang, Chang Yi, Jianpu Wang & Wei HuangSchool of Physical Science and Information Technology, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng, 252059 ... Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Yu Cao in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Yanfeng Miao in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for

L-Arginine supplementation inhibits the growth of breast cancer by enhancing innate and adaptive immune responses mediated by suppression of MDSCs in vivo

Background L-Arg is involved in many biological activities, including the activation of T cells. In breast cancer patients, L-Arg is depleted by nitric oxide synthase 2 (NOS2) and arginase 1 (ARG-1) produced by myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). Our aim was to test whether L-Arg supplementation could enhance antitumor immune response and improve survivorship in a rodent...

Fscn1 is required for the trafficking of TGF-β family type I receptors during endoderm formation

100101, ChinaZhaoting Liu, Guozhu Ning, Ranran Xu, Yu Cao & Qiang WangTsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, ChinaAnming MengSavaid Medical ... Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Ranran Xu in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Yu Cao in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Anming

SFRP2 enhances the osteogenic differentiation of apical papilla stem cells by antagonizing the canonical WNT pathway

Background Exploring the molecular mechanisms underlying directed differentiation is helpful in the development of clinical applications of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Our previous study on dental tissue-derived MSCs demonstrated that secreted frizzled-related protein 2 (SFRP2), a Wnt inhibitor, could enhance osteogenic differentiation in stem cells from the apical papilla...

Diagnostic accuracy of the postoperative ratio of C-reactive protein to albumin for complications after colorectal surgery

Background The ratio of C-reactive protein to albumin, as a novel inflammation-based prognostic score, is associated with outcomes in cancer and septic patients. The diagnostic accuracy of the CRP/albumin ratio has not been assessed in colorectal surgery for postoperative complications. Methods A total of 359 patients undergoing major colorectal surgery between 2012 and 2015 were...

Reproductive Allocation in Three Macrophyte Species from Different Lakes with Variable Eutrophic Conditions

Reproductive allocation is a key process in the plant life cycle and aquatic plants exhibit great diversity in their reproductive systems. In the present study, we conduct a field investigation of three aquatic macrophytes: Stuckenia pectinata, Myriophyllum spicatum, and Potamogeton perfoliatus. Our results showed that widespread species, including S. pectinata and M. spicatum...

Etoposide Induces Apoptosis in Activated Human Hepatic Stellate Cells via ER Stress

Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, ChinaChen Wang, Feng Zhang, Yu Cao, Mingming Zhang, Aixiu Wang, Min Su, Ming Zhang & Yuzheng ZhugeDepartment of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Drum ... Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Yu Cao in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Mingming Zhang in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for