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Energy Saving Potential from Shading Design for Residential House in Rural Area

MATEC Web of Conferences Energy Saving Potential from Shading for Residential House in Rural Area Design Dany Perwita Sari 0 1 Yun-shang Chiou 1 0 LIPI, Research Center for Biomaterials , Jl. Raya ... exterior shading. Occupants tend to use blind to block the glare. Yun-shang Chiou and Yi-de Lin [7] introduced an experimental research using a portable testbed. The result indicate that blind system is only

Brassinosteroids modulate ABA-induced stomatal closure in Arabidopsis

Stomatal movement in response to water availability is an important physiological process in the survival of land plants. The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) and brassinosteroids (BRs) regulate stomatal closure. The physiological functions of ABA and BRs, including germination, cell elongation and stomatal movement, are generally known to be antagonistic. Here, we investigated...

A Composite Contract for Coordinating a Supply Chain with Price and Effort Dependent Stochastic Demand

As the demand is more sensitive to price and sales effort, this paper investigates the issue of channel coordination for a supply chain with one manufacturer and one retailer facing price and effort dependent stochastic demand. A composite contract based on the quantity-restricted returns and target sales rebate can achieve coordination in this setting. Two main problems are...

A Composite Contract for Coordinating a Supply Chain with Price and Effort Dependent Stochastic Demand

As the demand is more sensitive to price and sales effort, this paper investigates the issue of channel coordination for a supply chain with one manufacturer and one retailer facing price and effort dependent stochastic demand. A composite contract based on the quantity-restricted returns and target sales rebate can achieve coordination in this setting. Two main problems are...

Anti-apoptotic effects of osteopontin through the up-regulation of Mcl-1 in gastrointestinal stromal tumors

Background Osteopontin (OPN) is a secreted phosphoprotein expressed by neoplastic cells involved in the malignant potential and aggressive phenotypes of human malignancies, including gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Our previous study showed that OPN can promote tumor cell proliferation in GISTs. In this series, we further aim to investigate the effect of OPN on apoptosis...

Transforming growth factor β1 increase of hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase proteins is partly suppressed by red clover isoflavones in human primary prostate cancer-derived stromal cells

Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) increases dehydro-epiandrosterone (DHEA) metabolism to androgens and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in a prostate tissue model where stromal (6S) cells and epithelial (LAPC-4) cells are cocultured. Red clover (RC) isoflavones inhibits transforming growth factor (TGF)-β-induced androgenicity. Mechanisms controlling those activities were...

Characterization of cp3 reveals a new bri1 allele, bri1-120, and the importance of the LRR domain of BRI1 mediating BR signaling

Background Since the identification of BRI1 (BRASSINOSTEROID-INSENSITIVE1), a brassinosteroids (BRs) receptor, most of the critical roles of BR in plant development have been assessed using various bri1 mutant alleles. The characterization of individual bri1 mutants has shown that both the extracellular and cytoplasmic domains of BRI1 are important to its proper functioning...

Divergent Effects of Retinoic Acids on the Expression of ERα and 17β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 2 in Endometrial Carcinoma Cells (RL 95-2)

The effects of E2 are dependent on ERs and local E2 concentration in target cells. Modulation of intracellular E2 concentration involves the action of 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17HSD) type 2, the enzyme converting E2 to estrone. In the present study, the influence of RAs on the growth of endometrial cancer cell line RL 95-2 as well as the expression of ERs and 17HSD type...

The Proximal Promoter Region of the Gene Encoding Human 17β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 1 Contains GATA, AP-2, and Sp1 Response Elements: Analysis of Promoter Function in Choriocarcinoma Cells

The 5′-flanking region from −78 to +9 in the HSD17B1 gene serves as a promoter, and an HSD17B1 silencer element is located in position −113 to −78. In the present studies, we have characterized three regulatory elements in the proximal 5′-flanking regions of the gene, using electrophoretic mobility shift assays and reporter gene analysis. First, nuclear factors recognized by...

Differential Regulation of Estrogen Receptor (ER)α and ERβ in Primate Mammary Gland

and requests for reprints to: Yun-Shang Piao, Department of Medical Nutrition, Karolinska Institute, NOVUM, S14186, Huddinge, Sweden. E-mail: . This research was supported by grants from the Swedish