Advanced search    

Search: authors:"van Lenthe, Frank J"

15 papers found.
Use AND, OR, NOT, +word, -word, "long phrase", (parentheses) to fine-tune your search.

Socio-economic position and coronary heart disease risk factors in youthFindings from the Young Hearts Project in Northern Ireland

Background: This study investigates the existence of socioeconomic differentials in behavioural and biological risk factors for coronary heart disease in young people from Northern Ireland, taking into account differences in biological maturation. Methods: A school-based prospective study, with measurements in 1989/1990 and 1992/1993. Socio-economic position was based on...

Effectiveness of workplace interventions in Europe promoting healthy eating: a systematic review

Background: The worksite is a promising setting for health promotion. This review summarizes the evidence of effect of intervention studies in European countries promoting a healthy diet solely and in combination with increasing physical activity at the workplace. Methods: A systematic review of published literature was carried out. Inclusion criteria were: studies conducted in...

Explaining socio-economic inequalities in daily smoking: a social–ecological approach

Background: This study assessed the contributions of individual, household and neighbourhood-level factors to socio-economic inequalities in smoking. Methods: Data came from 2706 participants of the 2004 wave of the Dutch GLOBE study. Participants were asked about several social and material characteristics of their households, neighbourhoods and smoking in their environment...

Maternal Educational Level and Blood Pressure, Aortic Stiffness, Cardiovascular Structure and Functioning in Childhood: The Generation R Study

In adults, low level of education was shown to be associated with higher blood pressure levels and alterations in cardiac structures and function. It is currently unknown whether socioeconomic inequalities in arterial and cardiac alterations originate in childhood. Therefore, we investigated the association of maternal education with blood pressure levels, arterial stiffness, and...

Why some walk and others don't: exploring interactions of perceived safety and social neighborhood factors with psychosocial cognitions

Although physical activity is often believed to be influenced by both environmental and individual factors, little is known about their interaction. This study explores interactions of perceived safety and social neighborhood factors with psychosocial cognitions for leisure-time walking. Cross-sectional data were obtained from residents (age 25–75 years) of 212 neighborhoods in...

Do lifestyle, health and social participation mediate educational inequalities in frailty worsening?

Background: Lower educated older persons are at increased risk of becoming frail as compared with higher educated older persons. To reduce educational inequalities in the development of frailty, we investigated whether lifestyle, health and social participation mediate this relationship. Methods: Longitudinal data of 14 082 European community-dwelling persons aged 55 years and...

Structural neighbourhood conditions, social cohesion and psychological distress in the Netherlands

Background: Neighbourhood inequalities in psychological distress are well reported, but underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. The main purposes of this study were to investigate associations between structural neighbourhood conditions and psychological distress, and to explore the potential mediating role of neighbourhood social cohesion. Methods: Cross-sectional...

Effectiveness of interventions to improve lifestyle behaviors among socially disadvantaged children in Europe

Background: Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and childhood overweight are more common among children from families with a low socioeconomic position and ethnic minority children (referred to as social disadvantaged children). Aims: This systematic review evaluates the effectiveness of interventions aimed to improve lifestyle behaviours and/or prevent overweight among socially...

Material, behavioural, cultural and psychosocial factors in the explanation of socioeconomic inequalities in oral health

This study aimed to assess the contribution of material, behavioural, cultural and psychosocial factors in the explanation of socioeconomic inequalities (education and income) in oral health of Dutch adults.

The role of financial strain and self-control in explaining health behaviours: the GLOBE study

Why lower socioeconomic groups behave less healthily can only partly be explained by direct costs of behaving healthily. We hypothesize that low income increases the risk of facing financial strain. Experiencing financial strain takes up cognitive ‘bandwidth’ and leads to less self-control, and subsequently results in more unhealthy behaviour. We therefore aim to investigate (i...