Extremophiles

http://link.springer.com/journal/792

List of Papers (Total 91)

YcfDRM is a thermophilic oxygen-dependent ribosomal protein uL16 oxygenase

YcfD from Escherichia coli is a homologue of the human ribosomal oxygenases NO66 and MINA53, which catalyse histidyl-hydroxylation of the 60S subunit and affect cellular proliferation (Ge et al., Nat Chem Biol 12:960–962, 2012). Bioinformatic analysis identified a potential homologue of ycfD in the thermophilic bacterium Rhodothermus marinus (ycfDRM). We describe studies on the...

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Hyperthermophilic microorganisms are an important asset in the toolkits of biotechnologists, biochemists and evolutionary biologists. The anaerobic archaeon, Thermococcus kodakarensis, has become one of the most useful hyperthermophilic model species, not least due to its natural competence and genetic tractability. Despite this, the range of genetic tools available for T...

Growth of Leptospirillum ferriphilum in sulfur medium in co-culture with Acidithiobacillus caldus

Leptospirillum ferriphilum and Acidithiobacillus caldus are both thermotolerant acidophilic bacteria that frequently co-exist in natural and man-made environments, such as biomining sites. Both are aerobic chemolithotrophs; L. ferriphilum is known only to use ferrous iron as electron donor, while A. caldus can use zero-valent and reduced sulfur, and also hydrogen, as electron...

Corrosive extracellular polysaccharides of the rock-inhabiting model fungus Knufia petricola

Melanised cell walls and extracellular polymeric matrices protect rock-inhabiting microcolonial fungi from hostile environmental conditions. How extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) perform this protective role was investigated by following development of the model microcolonial black fungus Knufia petricola A95 grown as a sub-aerial biofilm. Extracellular substances were...

Changes in bacterial and archaeal communities during the concentration of brine at the graduation towers in Ciechocinek spa (Poland)

This study evaluates the changes in bacterial and archaeal community structure during the gradual evaporation of water from the brine (extracted from subsurface Jurassic deposits) in the system of graduation towers located in Ciechocinek spa, Poland. The communities were assessed with 16S rRNA gene sequencing (MiSeq, Illumina) and microscopic methods. The microbial cell density...

High altitude, hyper-arid soils of the Central-Andes harbor mega-diverse communities of actinobacteria

The data reported in this paper are among the first relating to the microbiology of hyper-arid, very high altitude deserts and they provide base line information on the structure of actinobacterial communities. The high mountain Cerro Chajnantor landscape of the Central Andes in northern Chile is exposed to the world’s most intense levels of solar radiation and its impoverished...

Genomic insights into temperature-dependent transcriptional responses of Kosmotoga olearia, a deep-biosphere bacterium that can grow from 20 to 79 °C

Temperature is one of the defining parameters of an ecological niche. Most organisms thrive within a temperature range that rarely exceeds ~30 °C, but the deep subsurface bacterium Kosmotoga olearia can grow over a temperature range of 59 °C (20–79 °C). To identify genes correlated with this flexible phenotype, we compared transcriptomes of K. olearia cultures grown at its...

Structure and mechanisms of viral transcription factors in archaea

Virus-encoded transcription factors have been pivotal in exploring the molecular mechanisms and regulation of gene expression in bacteria and eukaryotes since the birth of molecular biology, while our understanding of viral transcription in archaea is still in its infancy. Archaeal viruses do not encode their own RNA polymerases (RNAPs) and are consequently entirely dependent on...

Progeny production in the periplasm of Thermosipho globiformans

Thermotogales are rod-shaped, Gram-negative, anaerobic, (hyper) thermophiles distinguished by an outer sheath-like toga, which comprises an outer membrane (OM) and an amorphous layer (AL). Thermosipho globiformans bacteria can transform into spheroids with multiple cells concurrently with AL disintegration during early growth; the cell is defined as the cytoplasmic membrane (CM...

Adaptations of archaeal and bacterial membranes to variations in temperature, pH and pressure

The cytoplasmic membrane of a prokaryotic cell consists of a lipid bilayer or a monolayer that shields the cellular content from the environment. In addition, the membrane contains proteins that are responsible for transport of proteins and metabolites as well as for signalling and energy transduction. Maintenance of the functionality of the membrane during changing environmental...

High-affinity RNA binding by a hyperthermophilic single-stranded DNA-binding protein

Single-stranded DNA-binding proteins (SSBs), including replication protein A (RPA) in eukaryotes, play a central role in DNA replication, recombination, and repair. SSBs utilise an oligonucleotide/oligosaccharide-binding (OB) fold domain to bind DNA, and typically oligomerise in solution to bring multiple OB fold domains together in the functional SSB. SSBs from hyperthermophilic...

Cryo-electron microscopy of an extremely halophilic microbe: technical aspects

Most halophilic Archaea of the class Halobacteriaceae depend on the presence of several molar sodium chloride for growth and cell integrity. This poses problems for structural studies, particularly for electron microscopy, where the high salt concentration results in diminished contrast. Since cryo-electron microscopy of intact cells provides new insights into the cellular and...

AglH, a thermophilic UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate:dolichyl phosphate GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase initiating protein N-glycosylation pathway in Sulfolobus acidocaldarius, is capable of complementing the eukaryal Alg7

AglH, a predicted UDP-GlcNAc-1-phosphate:dolichyl phosphate GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase, is initiating the protein N-glycosylation pathway in the thermoacidophilic crenarchaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius. AglH successfully replaced the endogenous GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase activity of Alg7 in a conditional lethal Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, in which the first step of the...

Acidithiobacillus ferrivorans SS3 presents little RNA transcript response related to cold stress during growth at 8 °C suggesting it is a eurypsychrophile

Acidithiobacillus ferrivorans is an acidophilic bacterium that represents a substantial proportion of the microbial community in a low temperature mining waste stream. Due to its ability to grow at temperatures below 15 °C, it has previously been classified as ‘psychrotolerant’. Low temperature-adapted microorganisms have strategies to grow at cold temperatures such as the...

Sequential formation of two branched intermediates during protein splicing of class three inteins

Inteins are the protein equivalent of introns. They are seamlessly removed during post-translational maturation of their host protein (extein). Inteins from extremophiles played a key role in understanding intein-mediated protein splicing. There are currently three classes of inteins defined by catalytic mechanism and sequence signatures. This study demonstrates splicing of three...

Seasonal and altitudinal changes of culturable bacterial and yeast diversity in Alpine forest soils

The effect of altitude and season on abundance and diversity of the culturable heterotrophic bacterial and yeast community was examined at four forest sites in the Italian Alps along an altitude gradient (545–2000 m). Independently of altitude, bacteria isolated at 0 °C (psychrophiles) were less numerous than those recovered at 20 °C. In autumn, psychrophilic bacterial population...

Dark stains on rock surfaces in Driny Cave (Little Carpathian Mountains, Slovakia)

Mycobiota are important in underground ecology. In 2014, we discovered dark stains on clayey sediments on the walls of Driny Cave, Slovakia. Our description is based on the morphology of the fungus and the phylogenetic relationships of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region. In addition, data on its capacity for the production of extracellular enzymes, growth, and survival...

Hyperthermostable Thermotoga maritima xylanase XYN10B shows high activity at high temperatures in the presence of biomass-dissolving hydrophilic ionic liquids

The gene of Thermotoga maritima GH10 xylanase (TmXYN10B) was synthesised to study the extreme limits of this hyperthermostable enzyme at high temperatures in the presence of biomass-dissolving hydrophilic ionic liquids (ILs). TmXYN10B expressed from Pichia pastoris showed maximal activity at 100 °C and retained 92 % of maximal activity at 105 °C in a 30-min assay. Although the...

Evidence of adaptation, niche separation and microevolution within the genus Polaromonas on Arctic and Antarctic glacial surfaces

Polaromonas is one of the most abundant genera found on glacier surfaces, yet its ecology remains poorly described. Investigations made to date point towards a uniform distribution of Polaromonas phylotypes across the globe. We compared 43 Polaromonas isolates obtained from surfaces of Arctic and Antarctic glaciers to address this issue. 16S rRNA gene sequences, intergenic...

Identification of the methyltransferase targeting C2499 in Deinococcus radiodurans 23S ribosomal RNA

The bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans—like all other organisms—introduces nucleotide modifications into its ribosomal RNA. We have previously found that the bacterium contains a Carbon-5 methylation on cytidine 2499 of its 23S ribosomal RNA, which is so far the only modified version of cytidine 2499 reported. Using homology search, we identified the open reading frame DR_0049 as...

Microbial community development on the surface of Hans and Werenskiold Glaciers (Svalbard, Arctic): a comparison

Surface ice and cryoconite holes of two types of polythermal Svalbard Glaciers (Hans Glacier—grounded tidewater glacier and Werenskiold Glacier—land-based valley glacier) were investigated in terms of chemical composition, microbial abundance and diversity. Gathered data served to describe supraglacial habitats and to compare microbe–environment interactions on those different...