Archives of Virology

http://link.springer.com/journal/705

List of Papers (Total 375)

Characterization and genome annotation of a newly detected bacteriophage infecting multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii

A novel virulent bacteriophage, φAbp2, infecting multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii was isolated from the wastewater of a sewage management centre at Southwest Hospital, China. Transmission electron microscopy and phylogenetic analysis revealed that φAbp2 belongs to the subfamily Peduovirinae. A one-step growth curve demonstrated that φAbp2 had a latent period of...

Induction of neutralizing antibodies against tier 2 human immunodeficiency virus 1 in rhesus macaques infected with tier 1B simian/human immunodeficiency virus

We previously developed CCR5-tropic neutralization-resistant simian/human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV) strains and a rhesus macaque model of infection with these SHIVs. We induced the production of neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) against HIV-1 by infecting rhesus macaques with different neutralization-resistant SHIV strains. First, SHIV-MK1 (MK1) (neutralization susceptible, tier...

Expression profiling and regulatory network of cucumber microRNAs and their putative target genes in response to cucumber green mottle mosaic virus infection

Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) is an important pathogen of cucumber (Cucumis sativus). The molecular mechanisms mediating host-pathogen interactions are likely to be strongly influenced by microRNAs (miRNAs), which are known to regulate gene expression during the disease cycle. This study focused on 14 miRNAs (miR159, miR169, miR172, miR838, miR854, miR5658, csa-miRn1...

BSE infectivity survives burial for five years with only limited spread

The carcasses of animals infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), scrapie or chronic wasting disease (CWD) that remain in the environment (exposed or buried) may continue to act as reservoirs of infectivity. We conducted two experiments under near-field conditions to investigate the survival and dissemination of BSE infectivity after burial in a clay or sandy soil...

Complete nucleotide sequence of a novel mycovirus from Trichoderma harzianum in China

A new mycovirus was identified in Trichoderma harzianum strain 137 isolated in Xinjiang province, China. The whole genome sequence of the mycovirus was determined by metagenomic sequencing, RT-PCR, and RACE cloning. The mycovirus contained two genomic segments. The first segment was 2088 bp long and contained a single ORF (ORF1) encoding the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP...

Molecular analysis of small-ruminant lentiviruses in Polish flocks reveals the existence of a novel subtype in sheep

Small-ruminant lentivirus (SRLV) infections are widespread in Poland, and circulation of subtypes A1, A12, A13, A16, A17, B1 and B2 has been documented. The aim of this study was to characterize the SRLV strains circulating in sheep and goats in mixed flocks in the Malopolska region, where the highest seroprevalence has been detected. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that most of...

A major-capsid-protein-based multiplex PCR assay for rapid identification of selected virulent bacteriophage types

Bacteriophages represent a promising alternative for controlling pathogenic bacteria. They are ubiquitous in the environment, and their isolation is usually simple and fast. However, not every phage is suitable for biocontrol applications. It must be virulent (i.e., strictly lytic), non-transducing, and safe. We have developed a method for identifying selected types of virulent...

High frequency and diversity of parechovirus A in a cohort of Malawian children

Parechoviruses (PeVs) are highly prevalent viruses worldwide. Over the last decades, several studies have been published on PeV epidemiology in Europe, Asia and North America, while information on other continents is lacking. The aim of this study was to describe PeV circulation in a cohort of children in Malawi, Africa. A total of 749 stool samples obtained from Malawian...

Genome sequence of Bacillus anthracis typing phage AP631

AP631, a virulent bacteriophage of Bacillus anthracis, is widely used in China to identify anthrax bacteria. In this study, we report the complete AP631 phage genome sequence as well as comparative genomic analysis with other bacteriophages of B. cereus and related species. The double-stranded circular DNA genome of phage AP631 was 39,549 bp in length with 35.01% G + C content...

Taxonomy of the order Bunyavirales: second update 2018

In October 2018, the order Bunyavirales was amended by inclusion of the family Arenaviridae, abolishment of three families, creation of three new families, 19 new genera, and 14 new species, and renaming of three genera and 22 species. This article presents the updated taxonomy of the order Bunyavirales as now accepted by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV).

Taxonomy of the order Mononegavirales: second update 2018

In October 2018, the order Mononegavirales was amended by the establishment of three new families and three new genera, abolishment of two genera, and creation of 28 novel species. This article presents the updated taxonomy of the order Mononegavirales as now accepted by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV).

Additional changes to taxonomy ratified in a special vote by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (October 2018)

This article reports the changes to virus taxonomy approved and ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) in October 2018. Of note, the ICTV has approved, by an absolute majority, the creation of additional taxonomical ranks above those recognized previously. A total of 15 ranks (realm, subrealm, kingdom, subkingdom, phylum, subphylum, class, subclass...

Interaction of historical and modern Sardinian African swine fever viruses with porcine and wild-boar monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages

African swine fever (ASF) is a contagious viral disease of wild and domestic pigs that is present in many parts of Africa, Asia and Europe, including Sardinia (Italy). Deletions in the EP402R and B602L genes have been found in almost all ASF virus (ASFV) strains circulating in Sardinia from 1990 onwards, and modern Sardinian strains (isolated after 1990) might have acquired some...

Isolation and characterization of duck adenovirus 3 circulating in China

Recently, infectious disease outbreaks characterized by swelling and hemorrhagic liver and kidneys occurred in Muscovy ducklings in China. Four viruses were isolated and identified as adenoviruses by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Sequence analysis identified the new isolates as duck adenovirus 3 (DAdV-3), species Duck aviadenovirus B...

Genomic characterization, phylogenetic position and in situ localization of a novel putative mononegavirus in Lepeophtheirus salmonis

The complete genome sequence of a novel mononegavirus, Lepeophtheirus salmonis negative-stranded RNA virus 1 (LsNSRV-1), obtained from a salmonid ectoparasite, Lepeophtheirus salmonis was determined. The viral genome contains five open reading frames encoding three unknown proteins (ORF I, II and III), a putative glycoprotein (G), and a large (L) protein. Phylogenetic analysis...

Alstroemeria yellow spot virus (AYSV): a new orthotospovirus species within a growing Eurasian clade

An orthotospovirus distinct from all other orthotospoviruses was isolated from naturally infected alstroemeria plants. Disease symptoms caused by this virus mainly consisted of yellow spots on the leaves based on which the name alstroemeria yellow spot virus (AYSV) was coined. A host range analysis was performed and a polyclonal antiserum was produced against purified AYSV...