Estudios constitucionales

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List of Papers (Total 24)

LA EVOLUCIÓN POLÍTICO-INSTITUCIONAL DE VENEZUELA 1975-2005

As it has happened in some other countries in Latín América, Venezuela has experienced a delicate process of constitutional and institutional reforms over the last decades. In this paper, there are analyzed aspects related to the government system, the judiciary, human rights, and the political parties in Venezuela. This paper pretends to come up with some lessons learnt as well...

DERECHO DE SUFRAGIO: LA DEBATIDA CUESTIÓN DE SU OBLIGATORIEDAD

This article presents expose about the constitutional reform to the right of suffrage of recent approbation in the Congress, and the double nature of the suffrage: politic right and function, of him which derive at obligatory, as mecanism assured of the political participation in Chilean democracy

EL DERECHO PROCESAL CONSTITUCIONAL A INICIOS DEL SIGLO XXI EN AMÉRICA LATINA

Through this article examines the emergence and development of procedural constitutional law in Latin America and its constitutional status from the perspective of their academic development, the debate about its contents and their interdependence or autonomy from the procedural law and constitutional law.

SOBRE LA DECLARACIÓN DE INAPLICABILIDAD DE LOS TRATADOS INTERNACIONALES: UN ESTUDIO EN DEFENSA DE SU FUNDAMENTO Y LEGITIMIDAD

The paper affirms the legitimacy of the judicial review of international treaties under Chilean constitutional law. The defense of judicial review is argued from constitutional grounds, that is, the wide interpretation of the concept of "legal precept", the necessity of exceptional control and the renewed signification of the inapplicability judgment. Lastly, the thesis about the...

EL DERECHO INTERNACIONAL DE LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS DESDE LA ÓPTICA DE LA CORTE SUPREMA DE JUSTICIA DE ARGENTINA

The author analyzes the jurisprudential path of the Supreme Court of Justice in Argentina regarding to the International Human Rights Law and its relationship with Domestic Law, to mark the gradual metamorphosis that the judicial doctrine of the High Court has been experiencing in the matter. He also examines the strong impact that the constitutional reform of1994 has resulted in...

ARGUMENTOS CONTRA LA TORTURA Y LOS TRATOS CRUELES, INHUMANOS Y DEGRADANTES

The investigation follows to transfer treated situations by European Court of Human Rights jurisprudence over phohibition of torture, cruel and degrading treatments, to the regional scope of the MERCOSUR, specially from Argentina and Brazil . In such sense, after to locate international public law rules and basic points in the subject, answers are persecuted on three centers of...

Ventajas y dificultades del sistema presidencialista en Venezuela

The article pretends to conclude if the system of government under the Venezuelan Constitution of 199, mainly the creation of Executive Vice President, helped to resolve or not, the institutional design problems attributed to the model of presidentialism under the Venezuelan Constitution of 1961. To do this, the paper identifies the design problems attributed to presidentialism...

APROXIMACIÓN HISTÓRICA AL TRATAMIENTO JURÍDICO Y SOCIAL DADO A LA HOMOSEXUALIDAD EN EUROPA

Homosexuality is not a recent phenomenon, but it has been present in all societies and civilizations along History, being treated in many different ways depending on diverse factors. The experience reveals that the different attitudes towards homosexuality, from its acceptance or veneration to its criminal conviction, respond to each society's level of tolerance, without...

MUTACIÓN CONSTITUCIONAL Y CONCRECIÓN NORMATIVA: CÓMO LA ESTRUCTURA DE LA NORMA SE RELACIONA CON LOS CAMBIOS INFORMALES DE LA CONSTITUCIÓN

Constitutional text and constitutional norm are not the same thing. Constitutional norm derives from a process of concretion, methodically structured. According to the concretion theory, constitutional norm results from the connection between the "normative program" (Normprogram), which is associated with the literal expression, and the "normative ambit" (Normbereich), understood...

COMENTARIO A LA SENTENCIA DE LA CORTE INTERAMERICANA DE DERECHOS HUMANOS, CASO "ATALA RIFFO Y NIÑAS VS. CHILE", DE 24 DE FEBRERO DE 2012

The work is a commentary on the judgment of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, which decides about the violation of human rights, produced by the judgment of the Supreme Court of Chile, which deprives Karen Atala Riffo of custody their daughters to live in a homosexual relationship with another woman.

LA JURISPRUDENCIA DEL AMPARO ECONOMICO LOS TRES GRANDES DÉFICITS DE LA ÚLTIMA DÉCADA

The work assesses the jurisprudence of the appeal to protect the right to engage economic activities in the last decade (2001-2012), identifying the three large deficits that have diminished its effectiveness. The two first, that have already been addressed by the doctrine, are now subjected to further review. These are the reduction of the scope of the legal action to the only...

EL FEDERALISMO ARGENTINO: SITUACION ACTUAL, CUESTIONES CONFLICTIVAS Y PERSPECTIVAS

Essentially, the purposes of this essay are: (i) to present the current situation ofargen-tine federalism; (ii) to examine whether in reality have been fulfilled the guidelines established by the constitutional reform of 1994 to "strengthen" it; (iii) to analyze some issues of interest arising from federal dynamics, for example: (a) whether provincial constitutions can establish...

EL VALOR ASIGNADO POR LA JURISPRUDENCIA DEL TRIBUNAL CONSTITUCIONAL A LA JURISPRUDENCIA DE LA CORTE INTERAMERICANA DE DERECHOS HUMANOS

This paper will examine the invocation by the Constitutional Court of Chile of the case law of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, one of the privities advanced by the IACHR as part of the control of conventionality. This paper will follow developments and offer some conclusions.

DERECHO A LA VIDA Y CONSTITUCIÓN: CONSECUENCIAS DE LA SENTENCIA DE LA CORTE INTERAMERICANA DE DERECHOS HUMANOS "ARTAVIA MURILLO V. COSTA RICA

With the conviction that judicial interpretations are worth primarily by the strength of his authority rather than the authority of its strength-that is, by the authority of their arguments and not just by their mere formal legal force, this article delve into substantive discussion of the reasons given in the judgment of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights Artavia Murillo...

CONTROL DE CONVENCIONALIDAD (ADELANTOS Y RETROCESOS)

The conventionaly control has been adapting gradually since the early sentences of the Inter American Court -like its european namesake-, to newer, generally where there has been a positive trend. The Inter-American Court did in the early days this job without expressly saying so, but finally comparing international standards with domestic and judging on the prevalence of those...

LAS DEFICIENCIAS DE LA FÓRMULA "DERECHO A VIVIR EN UN MEDIO AMBIENTE LIBRE DE CONTAMINACIÓN

Thispaper intends to examine the shortcoming ofthe currentformulation ofthe right to a healthy environment in the Chilean Constitution and, based on this analysis, to make aproposal that would cover the denomination ofthe right, its content and the definition ofits scope. This latter analysis would be in light of legal doctrine, case law and the international human right law. The...

LOS DEBERES DE LOS PROVEEDORES DE SERVICIOS DE INTERNET EN EL MEDIO AMBIENTE DIGITAL: EL CASO DEL DERECHO DE RÉPLICA EN EL BRASIL

The article examines the legal obligations ofInternet serviceproviders that require them to adapt the code of their applications in a way to collaborate for a greater effectiveness ofthe right ofreply exercized online. The paper adopts the premise by which there is no way to guarantee rights without also considering duties, identifying in the Brazilian 1988 Constitution the duty...

EL DERECHO FUNDAMENTAL AL OLVIDO EN LA WEB Y EL SISTEMA CONSTITUCIONAL CHILENO: Comentario a la sentencia de protección Rol N0 22243-2015 de la Corte Suprema

this paper analyzes a case recognising the right to be forgotten on the Chilean constitutional system, exploring its basis, consequences, and general principles.