Revista de derecho (Coquimbo)

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List of Papers (Total 20)

EL SUMINISTRO DE INFORMACIÓN COMO TÉCNICA DE PROTECCIÓN DE LOS CONSUMIDORES: LOS DEBERES PRECONTRACTUALES DE INFORMACIÓN

In the national sphere as well as in the comparative, there is agreement regarding the need to legally protect the consumers as far as the suppliers. A different topic-but closely related - consists in determining how to protect the consumers. This work deals with this last question. We know there is a relationship close enough among the reasons that justify the protection to the...

NUEVA JUSTICIA LABORAL Y EL REEMPLAZO EN LA HUELGA

This article analyzes jurisprudence of the so called internal replacement of strikers, comparing criteria of the Supreme Court with those used by judges in the new Chilean Labor Law.

LOS DERECHOS EN SU NUEVA HORA: LA TEORÍA EXTERNA DE LOS DERECHOS FUNDAMENTALES

The constitutional expression of the Law has meant the building of a theory about the application of the fundamental rights that states three different issues related among them: first, that it is basically about principle norms, second, that its contradictions are solved by means of the consideration, and third, that the determination of the content of such rights must be...

LA UNIFICACIÓN DE JURISPRUDENCIA PRETENDIDA POR EL RECURSO EXTRAORDINARIO: VENTAJAS Y PROBLEMAS

The draft of the Civil Procedure Code which is in revision in the Chilean National Congress contains a unique innovation in the recursive scope. This is an extraordinary remedy whose purpose is, in essence, to unify the civil jurisprudence. This claim presents clear advantages associated with the equal application of the law, legal certainty, reducing economic costs and the...

EL ARBITRAJE DE CONSUMO COMO MEDIO EXTRAJUDICIAL DE RESOLUCIÓN DE CONFLICTOS EN LA NORMATIVA ESPAÑOLA

This piece of work aims to study the arbitration system of consumption in Spain, where different Alternative Dispute Resolutions are incorporated. In this sense, not only the arbitration of consumption in a strict sense is analyzed indicating its field of application and its main characteristics, but also the mediation and the settlement, the other extrajudicial means of conflict...

LA GARANTÍA DE INDEMNIDAD EN CHILE: ANÁLISIS NORMATIVO Y COMPARATIVO DESDE EL DERECHO COMPARADO Y EL COMMON LAW

This paper develops the indemnity guarantee in the Chilean legal system through an analysis from comparative law, especially from the Spanish constitutional doctrine and the American common law. The objective is to describe the significance in our country the enactment of Law 20,087 and the need of a legal recognition of indemnity guarantee, briefly explaining the context of its...

EL DESARROLLO DE LOS PRINCIPIOS CONSTITUCIONALES TRIBUTARIOS DE CARÁCTER MATERIAL EN LA JURISPRUDENCIA DEL TRIBUNAL CONSTITUCIONAL

This paper seeks to identify the intrinsic ideas in the chilean constitutional jurisprudence about the material principles of taxation, particularly, equality and non-confiscatory tax. It is addded the principle of economic capacity, as a necessity of the research program. To achieve the goal, some elements of discourse analysis are used. But, essentially, to seek to contribute...

TERMINACIÓN UNILATERAL DEL CONTRATO DE CONCESIÓN MUNICIPAL Y RECLAMO DE ILEGALIDAD (LEY N°18.695, ORGÁNICA CONSTITUCIONAL DE MUNICIPALIDADES): ANÁLISIS DE JURISPRUDENCIA

The present work seeks to determine, especially from the examination of two judicial judgments, if the Municipalities (Town Hall) are authorized by the law to put discretionary, unilateral and anticipated end to a contract of concession, and if the administered contractors can demand in such cases the jurisdictional guardianship across the claim of illegality contemplated in the...

PREVENCIÓN DEL LAVADO DE ACTIVOS Y CRÉDITO DOCUMENTARIO: ¿A QUIÉN DEBE CONOCER EL BANCO EMISOR? UNA RESPUESTA DESDE EL DERECHO PRIVADO

The aim of this article is to determine who must be known by the issuing bank in a documentary credit operation or, in other words, regarding to whom has this financial institution to comply with the customer due diligence measures, as part of an anti-money laundering system. This in a documentary credit in which participates an issuing bank, an applicant and a beneficiary. In...

OMISIÓN DEL GARANTE E INTERVENCIÓN DELICTIVA: UNA RECONSTRUCCIÓN DESDE LA TEORÍA DE LAS NORMAS

The article sets forward a certain understanding of the so called "improper omission offences", which leads to a clarification of the requirement of a guarantor position. This clarification enables an identification of a systematic ambiguity exhibited by the concept of a guarantor position, which rests upon the fact that the guarantor who omits a given action can also have...

LA TUTELA DEL ACCESO AL AGUA POTABLE EN EL DERECHO INTERNACIONAL

In response to the present problems of water pollution and stress (which affect human health and life conditions), it is relevant to analyze how public international law tackles the issue of the access to drinking water in order to identify the legal basis for the protection of water demands for human consumption. In particular, the article deals with the main international...

ALGUNAS LECCIONES A PARTIR DE CUATRO CASOS DE CONDENA DE INOCENTES EN CHILE

This paper attempts to improve the knowledge in Chile regarding some mistakes of justice, through a detailed analysis of cases of wrongful convictions exonerated by the Supreme Court. Specifically the paper analyzes four cases of this kind, produced between February 2012 and January 2014 (Lobos case 2012, Robles case 2014, Antio case 2013 and Moreno case 2013). These cases...

EL RETRACTO DEL CONTRATO DE SERVICIOS EDUCACIONALES DE NIVEL SUPERIOR EN LA LEY CHILENA DE PROTECCIÓN A LOS CONSIMIDORES

This article will analyze the grounds and the general characteristics of the protection of the consumers' rights set forth in the Chilean legislation. More specifically, the consumer's faculty to waive unilaterally, and without justification, his rights granted by a contract executed with a university or another institution of such nature. It is stated that the justification of...

LA CONCURRENCIA DE ACCIONES REALES Y LA POSESIÓN MATERIAL

This paper examines several sentences of the Supreme Court from 2010 to 2015 onwards to detect the criteria according to which courts discriminate between similar real actions. In most of the sentences, the fundamental criterion analyzed was that the concurrence of real action is the “material possession” of the thing. These sentences, in turn, establishes that the vindication...

LA DISCUSIÓN SOBRE LA ENSEÑANZA DEL DERECHO EN CHILE DENTRO DEL NUEVO PARADIGMA UNIVERSITARIO: UNA TAREA PENDIENTE

This essay argues that research on legal education conducted in Chile has not focused enough on issues related to the change of university model and its influence on law teaching and learning. This, in turn, has prevented national scholars from exercising greater influence on the reform process of the university system in general, not to mention the changes and projections of...

EL TRATAMIENTO DEL AUTOFAVORECIMIENTO DEL IMPUTADO: SOBRE LAS CONSECUENCIAS SUSTANTIVAS DEL PRINCIPIO DE NO AUTOINCRIMINACIÓN

The article aims at presenting a systematic treatment of the consequences of the privilege against self-incrimination in substantive criminal law. For this purpose, the article attempts to show that the privilege is part of an institutional arrangement which can be determined as "adversary criminal procedure system" in a broad sense. The institutional understanding of the object...