Polímeros

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List of Papers (Total 126)

Influência da estrutura de diferentes copolímeros de etileno e a-olefinas na funcionalização com anidrido maleico

Chemical modification of ethylene a-olefins copolymers with maleic anhydride was studied by radical reaction in solution, melt mixing and extrusion. The effect of copolymer structure, as the amount and length of the branches, was evaluated on the MA incorporation. The reactions were also achieved in Rheomix 600 (Haake) mixer and Rheocord 9000 (Haake) extruder. Functionalization...

Modificação do acetato de celulose em meio homogêneo via reações de condensação com diferentes isocianatos

This investigation describes a series of homogeneous reactions involving the OH groups of cellulose acetate with a DS of 2.4 and two alkenyl isocyanates, viz. 3-isopropyl a,a-dimethylbenzyl isocyanate (TMI) and 2-isocyanato-ethyl methacrylate (IEM). The kinetics of these reactions were followed by FTIR spectroscopy by monitoring the decrease in intensity with time of the band...

Modelagem do Processo de Fragmentação de Catalisadores Suportados Durante a Pré-polimerização de Olefinas

A model-based methodology is proposed for describing the morphology of the polymer particles that are obtained during the very early stages of the olefin polymerization. The method is based on the analysis of the particle capacity to release the amount of energy that is accumulated in its interior during the polymerization, due to the fast polymer production. The balance between...

Mistura PAni.DBSA/SBS Obtida por Polimerização "In Situ": Propriedades Elétrica, Dielétrica e Dinâmico-Mecânica

Conducting rubbery blends of styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) triblock copolymer and polyaniline doped with dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid (Pani.DBSA) were produced by "in situ" polymerization. The films obtained by compression-molding display low percolation threshold with conductivity values similar to that found for pure Pani.DBSA with only 20 wt% of Pani.DBSA in the SBS/Pani.DBSA...

Development of Polymer Resins using Neural Networks

The development of polymer resins can benefit from the application of neural networks, using its great ability to correlate inputs and outputs. In this work we have developed a procedure that uses neural networks to correlate the end-user properties of a polymer with the polymerization reactor's operational condition that will produce that desired polymer. This procedure is aimed...

Morfologia Co-Contínua na Mistura Poliestireno/Copolímero de Etileno-Acetato de Vinila

Polystyrene/ethylene ¾ vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer blends were prepared in an internal mixer with the purpose of investigating the cocontinuous range. The effect of the processing temperature and the chemical composition of the EVA component was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), selective extraction experiments and dynamic mechanical analyses (DMTA). A decrease of...

O Impacto das Resinas na Economia: Principais Indicadores Econômicos

This article is aimed at analysing the impact of chemical industries on the Brazilian economy. One of essential tools for doing that in the Sistema de Contas Nacionais (System of National Accounts) ¾ SCN of the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística ¾ IBGE, the official federal statistics agency. The Input and Out-Put Tables in this system make it possible to generate...

Pré-tratamento físico: um procedimento importante para o aumento na resolução espectral em estudos de microestrutura de polímeros por RMN13C em solução

Changes in physical properties of polymeric materials can be evaluated from their microstructures, which can be investigated using solution carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). In this type of study spectral resolution is very important, which obviously depend on the sample and solvent. A pre physical treatment allows for an improvement in the spectral resolution...

Avaliação das propriedades mecânicas e da permeabilidade a gases de membranas obtidas a partir de dispersões aquosas de poliuretanos à base de polibutadieno líquido hidroxilado

The performance of dense membranes based on nonpolluting systems of polyurethane aqueous dispersions was evaluated. The mechanical properties and the selectivity and permeability to CO2 and N2 were determined. The aqueous systems were based on hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB), poly(propylene glycol) (PPG), isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI), and dimethylolpropionic acid (DMPA...

Compósitos de borracha natural ou policloropreno e celulose II: influência do tamanho de partícula

The aim of this work was to develop light composites with properties of technological interest by using elastomers of different polarities. This was achieved by employing cellulose II, in the powder form, as filler in natural rubber (NR) and chloroprene (CR). Cellulose II was obtained by coagulation of cellulose xanthate solution, in acid medium, under stirring and at room...

Nanocompósitos de poliamida 6/Argila organofílica: efeito do peso molecular da matriz na estrutura e propriedades mecânicas e termomecânicas

Polyamide 6/organoclay nanocomposites were prepared by the melt intercalation technique. The clay was treated with a quaternary ammonium salt (Genamin) to obtain the organoclay (OMMT), being characterized by X ray fluorescence (XRF) and X ray diffraction (XRD). The results confirmed the incorporation of the salt into the clay structure, i.e. the organophilization. The...

Obtenção de piches mesofásicos em dois estágios a partir de piche de petróleo

Mesophase pitches, precursors of high-performance carbon fibers, were prepared from petroleum pitch by a two-stage heat treatment, in a reactor capable of heat treating 700 g of petroleum pitch under stirring. The process consisted of a pretreatment under pressure at 390, 410 and 430 °C under nitrogen atmosphere, at 0.9 MPa, for three hours, as the first stage, followed by...

Redução e substituição do ácido crômico na etapa de condicionamento de ABS para metalização

In step-conditioning (etching) of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) terpolymer, use is generally made of sulfuric/chromic acid solutions resulting in the generation of highly toxic, environmentally polluting waste. The present work reports the results of a study of reduction and replacement of chromic acid from the etching solution. The samples conditioning was carried out in...

Espumados magnetizáveis úteis em processos de recuperação ambiental

The biodiesel production was encouraged since the entire world is looking for new energy sources. However, the biodiesel process produces large amounts of glycerin as byproduct. Therefore, innovative uses for this new glycerin source must be sought so as to avoid the collapse of the animal glycerin chain. In this context, the production of resins is interesting due to the...

Polissacarídeos extraídos da gabiroba (Campomanesia xanthocarpa Berg): propriedades químicas e perfil reológico

The Campomanesia xanthocarpa Berg (Myrtaceae) is a Brazilian native fruit, widely abundant in the Southern region. Despite their large fructification, in addition to nutritional and attractive sensory characteristics, these fruits are not collected, being lost in the fields. In this work, the fruit pulp without seed (1500 g) was crushed in ethanol/water at a ratio of 1:4 (v/v...

Tenacidade à fratura translaminar dinâmica de laminados compósitos de fibras de carbono e resina epóxi de grau aeronáutico

The translaminar dynamic fracture toughness of four carbon fiber - epoxy resin composite laminates was compared at the impact velocities of 2.25 and 5.52 m/s, under the temperatures of -70, +25 and +100 °C. It has been concluded that the initiation fracture toughness of unidirectional tape laminates is quite higher than bidirectional woven fabric composites, despite the testing...

Avaliação da biodegradação de compósitos de poli(ε-caprolactona)/fibra de coco verde

Biodegradable polymers such as poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) have received increasing attention. New properties are achieved when these polymers are used in composites with natural fibers. Several methods exist for the chemical modification of the fiber to improve adhesion to the polymer matrices. This work deals with the biodegradation in simulated soil of PCL/coconut fiber...

Analysis of automotive liftgate seals using finite element analysis

Seals have wide application in automotive products. They are responsible for sealing the car in several parts such as the doors, the air intake cowl seal, and air intake lights seal. Strain and stress studies are very important in order to understand the behavior of polymeric materials, which are generally submitted to great workload variation and environmental influence. This...

Caracterização de artefatos elastoméricos obtidos por revulcanização de resíduo industrial de SBR (copolímero de butadieno e estireno)

The recycling of waste rubber has very important significances, such as protection of the environment and conservation of energy. Considering that most of published works concerning this subject are about tire recycling, the objective of this work was to develop and characterize formulations containing a type of industrial waste, from the manufacture of automotive profiles, based...

Uso de argila organofílica na compatibilização de misturas PP/EPDM

PP/EPDM blends with different PP:EPDM ratios, non-compatibilized and compatibilized with maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (PP-g-MA) were prepared by melting. The influence of 1 phr bentonite clay addition on the morphology, mechanical and rheological properties of these blends was evaluated. The bentonite used as a filler, provided by Bentonit União Nordeste/PB, was...

Reciclagem de embalagens poliméricas contendo filme de alumínio metálico via processamento químico

Polymer containing aluminum film used for packaging of foods was recycled by chemical processing with the aid of sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide. The products obtained from the recycling process were polymer, free of impurities, and aluminum sulfate [(Al2SO4)3], which is used as flocculating agent in water treatment processes and effluent. Infrared (FTIR) and flame tests were...

Uma revisão sobre polimerização de olefinas usando catalisadores Ziegler-Natta heterogêneos

Large-scale production of polymer materials of high industrial value through stereospecific polymerization of olefins became possible only after the advent of Ziegler-Natta catalysts. Usually grouped into six different generations, these catalysts present distinct activity and allow for production of polymer materials with distinct degrees of stereospecificity, morphology and end...

Caracterização reológica da goma xantana: influência de íons metálicos univalente e trivalente e temperatura em experimentos dinâmicos

The dynamic rheological properties of water xanthan gum solutions with and without the addition of NaCl or Al2(SO4)3.18H2O were measured in a strain controlled rheometer applying heating and cooling cycles. The terminal relaxation time decreased with increasing temperature. This time increased with the addition of 0.5 wt. (%) of salt, but decreased when 1 wt. (%) was added...

Estudo da polimerização do 2-metil, 1,3-butadieno via catalisadores lantanídicos: influência do tipo de alquilalumínio, da temperatura reacional e da concentração do catalisador

The rare earth metals catalysts are very efficient in stereospecific polymerization of dienes, especially those of neodymium. This paper reports on the polymerization of 2-methyl, 1,3-butadiene with catalysts of neodymium, used commercially in polymerization of 1,3-butadiene. Effects were studied from the temperature, type of alkylaluminum, and from the concentration of catalyst...

Influência da sequência de mistura do PP-MA nas propriedades dos compósitos de PP e fibra de bananeira

This work analyzed the influence from the sequence of mixture for the composite of polypropylene (PP) with 10% by volume of banana fiber (FB) using maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (PP-MA) as the coupling agent. The thermal, mechanical, water absorption and morphology of the composites were characterized. Three different sequences were used to mix: the processing of all...