Journal of Applied Genetics

https://link.springer.com/journal/13353

List of Papers (Total 208)

MLPA as a complementary tool for diagnosis of chromosome 21 aberrations in childhood BCP-ALL

Chromosome 21 abnormalities are the most frequent genetic findings in childhood B cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) cases. Majority of patients are effectively diagnosed with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and karyotyping; however, some cases may require additional tools to be used. Bone marrow samples of 373 childhood BCP-ALL patients were tested...

Identifying a novel powdery mildew resistance gene in a barley landrace from Morocco

Powdery mildew is a barley foliar disease that causes great loss in yield. Because of the limited number of effective resistance genes, efforts to identify new sources of resistance are frequently focused on genetically diversified landraces. The goal of this study was to characterise the powdery mildew resistance gene in barley line 2553-3 selected from the Moroccan landrace...

Novel data on growth phenotype and causative genotypes in 29 patients with Morquio (Morquio-Brailsford) syndrome from Central-Eastern Europe

Mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA, also known as Morquio (Morquio-Brailsford) syndrome results from accumulation of keratan sulfate (KS) and chondroitin-6-sulfate (C6S), whereas the primary cause is mutations in the gene encoding galactosamine (N-acetyl)-6-sulfatase (GALNS). Phenotypically it seems to be a well-defined condition, with two main clinical forms: mild (attenuated) and...

High-frequency marker haplotypes in the genomic selection of dairy cattle

The aim of this study was to predict the genomic breeding value (DGV) of production, selected conformation and reproductive traits, and somatic cell score of dairy cattle in Poland using high-frequency marker haplotypes. The dataset consisted of phenotypic, genotypic, and pedigree data of 1216 Polish Holstein-Friesian bulls. The genotypic data consisted of 54,000 single...

Genotype by environment interaction using AMMI model and estimation of additive and epistasis gene effects for 1000-kernel weight in spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

The objective of this study was to assess genotype by environment interaction for 1000-kernel weight in spring barley lines grown in South Poland by the additive main effects and multiplicative interaction model. The study comprised of 32 spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes (two parental genotypes—breeding line 1 N86 and doubled haploid (DH) line RK63/1, and 30 DH lines...

Analysis of allele-specific expression of seven candidate genes involved in lipid metabolism in pig skeletal muscle and fat tissues reveals allelic imbalance of ACACA, LEP, SCD, and TNF

Analysis of allele-specific expression may help to elucidate the genetic architecture of complex traits including fat deposition in pigs. Here, we used pyrosequencing to investigate the allele proportions of candidate genes (ACACA, ADIPOR1, FASN, LEP, ME1, SCD, and TNF) involved in regulation of lipid metabolism in two fat deposits (subcutaneous and visceral fat) and longissimus...

A crash course in sequencing for a microbiologist

For the last 40 years, “Sanger sequencing” allowed to unveil crucial secrets of life. However, this method of sequencing has been time-consuming, laborious and remains expensive even today. Human Genome Project was a huge impulse to improve sequencing technologies, and unprecedented financial and human effort prompted the development of cheaper high-throughput technologies and...

Meta-analysis of association between Arg326Gln (rs1503185) and Gln276Pro (rs1566734) polymorphisms of PTPRJ gene and cancer risk

Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type J (PTPRJ, DEP1) is a tumour suppressor gene that negatively regulates such processes as angiogenesis, cell proliferation and migration and is one of the genes important for tumour development. Similar to other phosphatase genes, PTPRJ is also described as an oncogene. Among various genetic changes characteristic for this gene, single...

Genetics and epigenetics of autism spectrum disorder—current evidence in the field

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is a heterogenous group of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by problems in social interaction and communication as well as the presence of repetitive and stereotyped behavior. It is estimated that the prevalence of ASD is 1–2% in the general population with the average male to female ratio 4–5:1. Although the causes of ASD remain largely...

Karyotype analysis of eight cultivated Allium species

The karyotypes of Allium, a genus that comprises many crops and ornamental plants, are relatively poorly studied. To extend our knowledge on karyotype structure of the genus, the chromosomal organization of rRNA genes and CMA/DAPI bands was studied. Fluorescence in situ hybridization using 5S and 35S rDNA probes and banding methods (silver staining and CMA3/DAPI staining) were...

5’-flanking variants of equine casein genes (CSN1S1, CSN1S2, CSN2, CSN3) and their relationship with gene expression and milk composition

Genes encoding casein proteins are important candidates for milk composition traits in mammals. In the case of the domestic horse, our knowledge of casein genes is limited mainly to coding sequence variants. This study involved screening for polymorphism in 5’-flanking regions of four genes encoding equine caseins (CSN1S1, CSN1S2, CSN2, and CSN3) and making a preliminary...

The molecular and phenotypic characterization of fructophilic lactic acid bacteria isolated from the guts of Apis mellifera L. derived from a Polish apiary

This paper describes taxonomic position, phylogeny, and phenotypic properties of 14 lactic acid bacteria (LAB) originating from an Apis mellifera guts. Based on the 16S rDNA and recA gene sequence analyses, 12 lactic acid bacteria were assigned to Lactobacillus kunkeei and two others were classified as Fructobacillus fructosus. Biochemically, all isolated lactic acid bacteria...

Breaking bad news in genetic counseling—problems and communication tools

Breaking bad news is a common problem for clinical geneticists in their daily work. Just like doctors of other specialties, e.g., oncologists, they can use proven communication tools instead of relying only on professional sense. The latter is, of course, always the most important for experienced doctors, but the use of protocols such as SPIKES and EMPATHY facilitates both the...

Identification novel LQT syndrome-associated variants in Polish population and genotype-phenotype correlations in eight families

Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a primary cardiac channelopathy. Genetic testing has not only diagnostic but also prognostic and therapeutic implications. At present, 15 genes have been associated with the disease, with most mutations located in 3 major LQTS-susceptibility genes. During a routine genetic screening for KCNQ1, KCNH2 and SCN5A genes in index cases with LQTS...

Reference gene validation for normalization of RT-qPCR assay associated with germination and survival of rice under hypoxic condition

Study on expression of genes for the traits associated with hypoxia tolerance during the germination demands robust choice of reference genes for transcript data normalization and gene validation through real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). However, reliability and stability of reference genes across different rice germplasms under hypoxic condition have...

The influence of Al3+ on DNA methylation and sequence changes in the triticale (× Triticosecale Wittmack) genome

Abiotic stressors such as drought, salinity, and exposure to heavy metals can induce epigenetic changes in plants. In this study, liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), methylation amplified fragment length polymorphisms (metAFLP), and methylation-sensitive amplification polymorphisms (MSAP) analysis was used to investigate the effects of aluminum (Al) stress on DNA methylation levels...

Elevated expression of p53 in early colon polyps in a pig model of human familial adenomatous polyposis

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a hereditary predisposition to formation of colon polyps that can progress to colorectal cancer (CRC). The severity of polyposis varies substantially within families bearing the same germline mutation in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumour suppressor gene. The progressive step-wise accumulation of genetic events in tumour suppressor...

hTERT promoter methylation status in peripheral blood leukocytes as a molecular marker of head and neck cancer progression

Cancer cells, including head and neck cancer cell carcinoma (HNSCC), are characterized by an increased telomerase activity. This enzymatic complex is active in approximately 80–90% of all malignancies, and is regulated by various factors, including methylation status of hTERT gene promoter. hTERT methylation pattern has been thoroughly studied so far. It was proved that hTERT is...

Disease not genetic but infectious: multiple tuberculomas and fibrinous pericarditis as symptoms pathognomonic for tuberculosis of Frederic Chopin

Chopin’s heart, generally enlarged, presented morphologic features pathognomonic for fibrinous pericarditis presumably of tubercular origin: multiple nodular hyalinization foci—tuberculomas and fibrillary coating covering the whole surface of pericardium (“frosted heart”). We show that these features differ significantly from post mortem-formed inorganic crystalline deposits...

Possible association of the TERT promoter polymorphisms rs2735940, rs7712562 and rs2853669 with diabetes mellitus in obese elderly Polish population: results from the national PolSenior study

One of the markers of aging is lymphocyte telomere length (LTL), which is affected by genetic constitution of the organism and environmental conditions, such as development and diseases, including diabetes. The relationship of the later seems to be bilateral. The enzyme responsible for the maintenance of telomere length is a subunit of telomerase—telomerase reverse transcriptase...

Genetic variants of major genes contributing to phosphate and calcium homeostasis and their association with serum parameters in pigs

Calcium and phosphorus are irreplaceable components of life. Tracking the fate of calcium and phosphorus in organisms deserves high attention due to their relevance in bone metabolism and subsequently animal health. Indeed, bone serves as reservoir for calcium and phosphorus, whose formation and resorption follow specific molecular routes including hormones, receptors, and...

Novel 1q22-q23.1 duplication in a patient with lambdoid and metopic craniosynostosis, muscular hypotonia, and psychomotor retardation

Craniosynostosis (CS) refers to the group of craniofacial malformations characterized by the premature closure of one or more cranial sutures. The disorder is clinically and genetically heterogeneous and occurs usually as an isolated trait, but can also be syndromic. In 30–60% of patients, CS is caused by known genetic factors; however, in the rest of the cases, causative...

Single nucleotide polymorphism rs11614913 associated with CC genotype in miR-196a2 is overrepresented in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, but not salivary gland tumors in Polish population

The miRNA-196a2 has shown significance in the development of various neoplasms, including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The oncogenic functionality of this miRNA is mediated via its potential to target annexin A1 mRNA, a tumor suppressor gene involved in inhibition of the NF-κB pathway. Interestingly, recent data indicate a susceptibility for aforementioned...