npj Parkinson's Disease

http://www.nature.com/npjparkd

List of Papers (Total 58)

Differential contributions of subthalamic beta rhythms and 1/f broadband activity to motor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease

Excessive beta oscillatory activity in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is linked to Parkinson’s Disease (PD) motor symptoms. However, previous works have been inconsistent regarding the functional role of beta activity in untreated Parkinsonian states, questioning such role. We hypothesized that this inconsistency is due to the influence of electrophysiological broadband activity...

Proteasome-targeted nanobodies alleviate pathology and functional decline in an α-synuclein-based Parkinson’s disease model

Therapeutics designed to target α-synuclein (α-syn) aggregation may be critical in halting the progression of pathology in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients. Nanobodies are single-domain antibody fragments that bind with antibody specificity, but allow readier genetic engineering and delivery. When expressed intracellularly as intrabodies, anti-α-syn nanobodies fused to a...

In vivo imaging of inflammation and oxidative stress in a nonhuman primate model of cardiac sympathetic neurodegeneration

Loss of cardiac postganglionic sympathetic innervation is a characteristic pathology of Parkinson’s disease (PD). It progresses over time independently of motor symptoms and is not responsive to typical anti-parkinsonian therapies. Cardiac sympathetic neurodegeneration can be mimicked in animals using systemic dosing of the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). As in PD, 6-OHDA...

Prevalence of Parkinson’s disease across North America

Estimates of the prevalence of Parkinson’s disease in North America have varied widely and many estimates are based on small numbers of cases and from small regional subpopulations. We sought to estimate the prevalence of Parkinson’s disease in North America by combining data from a multi-study sampling strategy in diverse geographic regions and/or data sources. Five separate...

Cognitive impairment in Parkinson’s disease: a report from a multidisciplinary symposium on unmet needs and future directions to maintain cognitive health

People with Parkinson’s disease (PD) and their care partners frequently report cognitive decline as one of their greatest concerns. Mild cognitive impairment affects approximately 20–50% of people with PD, and longitudinal studies reveal dementia in up to 80% of PD. Through the Parkinson’s Disease Foundation Community Choice Research Award Program, the PD community identified...

Neuromelanin organelles are specialized autolysosomes that accumulate undegraded proteins and lipids in aging human brain and are likely involved in Parkinson’s disease

During aging, neuronal organelles filled with neuromelanin (a dark-brown pigment) and lipid bodies accumulate in the brain, particularly in the substantia nigra, a region targeted in Parkinson’s disease. We have investigated protein and lipid systems involved in the formation of these organelles and in the synthesis of the neuromelanin of human substantia nigra. Membrane and...

Cognitive training for freezing of gait in Parkinson’s disease: a randomized controlled trial

The pathophysiological mechanism of freezing of gait (FoG) has been linked to executive dysfunction. Cognitive training (CT) is a non-pharmacological intervention which has been shown to improve executive functioning in Parkinson’s disease (PD). This study aimed to explore whether targeted CT can reduce the severity of FoG in PD. Patients with PD who self-reported FoG and were...

Viewpoint and practical recommendations from a movement disorder specialist panel on objective measurement in the clinical management of Parkinson’s disease

Motor aspects of Parkinson’s disease, such as fluctuations and dyskinesia, can be reliably evaluated using a variety of “wearable” technologies, but practical guidance on objective measurement (OM) and the optimum use of these devices is lacking. Therefore, as a first step, a panel of movement disorder specialists met to provide guidance on how OM could be assessed and...

Neuromelanin detection by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its promise as a biomarker for Parkinson’s disease

The diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) occurs after pathogenesis is advanced and many substantia nigra (SN) dopamine neurons have already died. Now that therapies to block this neuronal loss are under development, it is imperative that the disease be diagnosed at earlier stages and that the response to therapies is monitored. Recent studies suggest this can be accomplished by...

Objective measurement in routine care of people with Parkinson’s disease improves outcomes

It is common in medicine to titrate therapy according to target ranges of objectively measured parameters. Objective measurement of motor function is available for Parkinson’s Disease (PD), making it possible to optimise therapy and clinical outcomes. In this study, an accelerometry based measurement and predefined target ranges were used to assess motor function in a Northern...

Mitochondrial dysfunction within the synapses of substantia nigra neurons in Parkinson’s disease

Mitochondrial dysfunction within the cell bodies of substantia nigra neurons is prominent in both ageing and Parkinson’s disease. The loss of dopaminergic substantia nigra neurons in Parkinson’s disease is associated with loss of synapses within the striatum, and this may precede neuronal loss. We investigated whether mitochondrial changes previously reported within substantia...

Rhythmic abilities and musical training in Parkinson’s disease: do they help?

Rhythmic auditory cues can immediately improve gait in Parkinson’s disease. However, this effect varies considerably across patients. The factors associated with this individual variability are not known to date. Patients’ rhythmic abilities and musicality (e.g., perceptual and singing abilities, emotional response to music, and musical training) may foster a positive response to...

Management of constipation in patients with Parkinson’s disease

A considerable body of research has recently emerged around nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and their substantial impact on patients’ well-being. A prominent example is constipation which occurs in up to two thirds of all PD-patients thereby effecting psychological and social distress and consequently reducing quality of life. Despite the significant clinical...

Systematic evaluation of levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel patient-responder characteristics

Levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG, carbidopa-levodopa enteral suspension in the United States) is a treatment option for advanced Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients with motor fluctuations. The objective of this investigation was to identify the baseline characteristics predictive of treatment response, measured by improvement in motor symptom severity, in advanced PD...

The use of accelerometry as a tool to measure disturbed nocturnal sleep in Parkinson’s disease

Sleep disturbances are common in Parkinson’s disease (PD). We used the Parkinson’s KinetiGraph (PKG), an objective movement recording system for PD to assess night time sleep in 155 people aged over 60 and without PD (controls), 72 people with PD (PwP) and 46 subjects undergoing a Polysomnogram (PSG: 36 with sleep disorder and 10 with normal sleep). The PKG system uses a wrist...

Using a smartphone-based self-management platform to support medication adherence and clinical consultation in Parkinson’s disease

The progressive nature of Parkinson’s disease, its complex treatment regimens and the high rates of comorbid conditions make self-management and treatment adherence a challenge. Clinicians have limited face-to-face consultation time with Parkinson’s disease patients, making it difficult to comprehensively address non-adherence. Here we share the results from a multi-centre (seven...

Paraquat and MPTP induce neurodegeneration and alteration in the expression profile of microRNAs: the role of transcription factor Nrf2

Both transcription factors (TFs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) can exert a widespread impact on gene expression. In the present study, we investigated the role of Nrf2 in paraquat-induced intracorporeal neurodegeneration and miRNA expression by exposing Nrf2 wild-type and knockout mice to paraquat (PQ) or 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Exposure to 10 mg/kg PQ or 30...

Mitochondrial impairment in microglia amplifies NLRP3 inflammasome proinflammatory signaling in cell culture and animal models of Parkinson’s disease

The NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway is a major contributor to the neuroinflammatory process in the central nervous system. Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction are key pathophysiological processes of many chronic neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, the inter-relationship between mitochondrial defects and neuroinflammation is not...

Falling upward with Parkinson’s disease

Falls can injure, even kill. No one with Parkinson’s disease (PD) wants to fall by accident. However, the potential nastiness of falls does not preclude a more nuanced understanding of the personal meaning that falls can have. Rather than view falls as a problem to fear and manage solely by preventing and repairing harm, people with PD and those who care for them may recast falls...

Rotigotine transdermal patch and sleep in Parkinson’s disease: where are we now?

A wide range of sleep dysfunction complicates Parkinson’s disease during its course from prodromal to palliative stage. It is now increasingly acknowledged that sleep disturbances are thus integral to the disease and pose a significant burden impacting on quality of life of patients. Sleep fragmentation, restless legs syndrome, nocturia, and nocturnal pain are regarded as one of...

The Gordon Research Seminar & Conference on Parkinson’s disease: state of the Science 200 years after James Parkinson’s essay on the Shaking Palsy

The first-ever Gordon Research Seminar on Parkinson’s disease was held in conjunction with the second-ever Gordon Research Conference on Parkinson’s disease at the Grand Summit Hotel at Sunday River in Newry, Maine, from June 24–30. The Gordon Research Seminar brought together graduate students and postdoctoral researchers to network, learn first-hand about life with Parkinson’s...

Validation of the XDP–MDSP rating scale for the evaluation of patients with X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism

X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism(XDP) is a neurodegenerative disorder endemic to the Philippines. A rating scale was developed by the authors under the guidance of the Movement Disorder Society of the Philippines (MDSP) to assess XDP severity and progression, functional impact, and response to treatment in future clinical trials. Our main objective was to validate our new scale...

Response inhibition in Parkinson’s disease: a meta-analysis of dopaminergic medication and disease duration effects

Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder involving the basal ganglia that results in a host of motor and cognitive deficits. Dopamine-replacement therapy ameliorates some of the hallmark motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, but whether these medications improve deficits in response inhibition, a critical executive function for behavioral control, has been questioned...