Journal of Molecular Histology

http://link.springer.com/journal/10735

List of Papers (Total 51)

Quantitative changes in perineuronal nets in development and posttraumatic condition

Perineuronal net (PNN) is a highly structured portion of the CNS extracellular matrix (ECM) regulating synaptic plasticity and a range of pathologic conditions including posttraumatic regeneration and epilepsy. Here we studied Wisteria floribunda agglutinin-stained histological sections to quantify the PNN size and enrichment of chondroitin sulfates in mouse brain and spinal cord...

Autophagy promotes hepatic differentiation of hepatic progenitor cells by regulating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway

Hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) can be activated when the liver suffers persistent and severe damage and can differentiate into hepatocytes to maintain liver regeneration and homeostasis. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the hepatic differentiation of HPCs is unclear. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate the roles of autophagy and the Wnt/β-catenin...

Assessment of the cellular localisation of the annexin A2/S100A10 complex in human placenta

The AnxA2/S100A10 complex has been implicated in various placental functions but although the localisation of these proteins individually has been studied, there is no information about the localisation of their complex in situ at the cellular level. Using the proximity ligation technique, we have investigated the in situ localisation of AnxA2/S100A10 complex in the placenta and...

Methylation of Cdkn1c may involve in the regulation of tooth development through cell cycle inhibition

Cdkn1c, a member of the Cip/Kip cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor family, is critically involved in regulating cell cycle and cellular differentiation during development in mammals. However, the functional role of Cdkn1c and the underlying mechanisms by which Cdkn1c affects odontogenesis remain largely unknown. In our study, we found that Cdkn1c expression dynamically changes...

Human nail stem cells are retained but hypofunctional during aging

The nail is a continuous skin appendage. Cells located around the nails, which display coordinated homeostatic dynamics and release a flow of stem cells in response to regeneration, have been identified in mice. However, very few studies regarding human nail stem cells exist in the literature. Using specimens isolated from humans, we detected an unreported population of cells...

Tension force-induced bone formation in orthodontic tooth movement via modulation of the GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling pathway

Orthodontic force-induced osteogenic differentiation and bone formation at tension sites play a critical role in orthodontic tooth movement. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this phenomenon is poorly understood. In the current study, we investigated the involvement of the GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling pathway, which is critical for bone formation during tooth movement. We...

The expression of water channel proteins during human salivary gland development: a topographic study of aquaporins 1, 3 and 5

Some members of aquaporin family (AQP) plays crucial functions in salivary synthesis and secretion. These proteins expression has already been reported during salivary gland formation, however no previous studies in human developing glands have been performed. We evaluated AQP1, 3 and 5 expression through the stages of human salivary gland morphogenesis and discuss the possible...

Post-transcriptional regulation of ITGB6 protein levels in damaged skeletal muscle

We have identified integrin beta 6 (Itgb6) as a transcript highly enriched in skeletal muscle. This finding is unexpected because Itgb6 is typically associated with epithelial expression domains in normal tissue. Further we find that ITGB6 protein expression in muscle is post-transcriptionally regulated. Uninjured muscle expresses Itgb6 RNA but no ITGB6 protein is detectable...

Estrogen deficiency reduces the dentinogenic capacity of rat lower incisors

Endogenous estrogen deficiency usually causes the systemic osteoporosis including the jaw bones. However, it remains unclear whether estrogen deficiency can affect the tooth mineralization. In this study, the classical osteoporotic rat model was established via the ovariectomy, which was subsequently confirmed by the detection of serum estradiol levels and body weights. The...

Stimulation of primary osteoblasts with ATP induces transient vinculin clustering at sites of high intracellular traction force

Adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP), released in response to mechanical and inflammatory stimuli, induces the dynamic and asynchronous protrusion and subsequent retraction of local membrane structures in osteoblasts. The molecular mechanisms involved in the ligand-stimulated herniation of the plasma membrane are largely unknown, which prompted us to investigate whether the focal...

Estradiol induces transcriptional and posttranscriptional modifications in versican expression in the mouse uterus

We have previously shown the differential expression of versican in the mouse uterus under ovarian hormone influence. We also demonstrated there is not a direct correlation between mRNA levels and protein expression, suggesting posttranscriptional events, such as alteration in mRNA stability. This posttranscriptional effect may result in the elongation and stabilization of...

Preliminary histopathological study of intra-articular injection of a novel highly cross-linked hyaluronic acid in a rabbit model of knee osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease mostly occurring in the knee and commonly seen in middle-aged and elderly adults. Intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid has been widely used for treatment of knee osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intra-articular injection of a novel highly cross-linked hyaluronic acid, alone or in...

Dynamic redistribution of paxillin in bovine osteoblasts stimulated with adenosine 5′-triphosphate

Exposure to extracellular 5′-adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is known to induce membrane blebbing. In this study, we investigated the subcellular distribution of the cytoskeletal adaptor protein paxillin in primary bovine osteoblasts upon stimulation with ATP. Cells expressing a fusion protein of green fluorescent protein (GFP) and paxillin were followed by time-lapse video...

Binding of amelogenin to MMP-9 and their co-expression in developing mouse teeth

Amelogenin is the most abundant matrix protein in enamel. Proper amelogenin processing by proteinases is necessary for its biological functions during amelogenesis. Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) is responsible for the turnover of matrix components. The relationship between MMP-9 and amelogenin during tooth development remains unknown. We tested the hypothesis that MMP-9...

Microvesicles released from hormone-refractory prostate cancer cells facilitate mouse pre-osteoblast differentiation

Bone metastasis is often occurs in patients with prostate cancer. There is a vicious cycle for bone metastases involving prostate cancer cells, osteoblasts, and osteoclasts. Acting among those cells during the process of metastasis are several molecules such as bone morphogenetic proteins, platelet-derived growth factor, endothelin-1, matrix metalloproteases, vascular endothelial...

Immunohistochemical assessment of intrinsic and extrinsic markers of hypoxia in reproductive tissue: differential expression of HIF1α and HIF2α in rat oviduct and endometrium

Hypoxia is thought to be critical in regulating physiological processes within the female reproductive system, including ovulation, composition of the fluid in the oviductal/uterine lumens and ovarian follicle development. This study examined the localisation of exogenous (pimonidazole) and endogenous [hypoxia inducible factor 1α and 2α (HIF1α, -2α), glucose transporter type 1...

Suppressor of cytokine signalling protein SOCS3 expression is increased at sites of acute and chronic inflammation

Treatment of cells with cytokines and growth factors leads to the synthesis of Suppressor of Cytokine Signalling (SOCS) proteins that act as potent negative regulators of signalling via the Jak/STAT pathway. We used immunohistochemistry to identify cells and pathologies where SOCS3 expression might influence acute and chronic inflammatory responses in human tissues. Epitope and...

Localization of AQP5 during development of the mouse submandibular salivary gland

Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) is known to be central for salivary fluid secretion. A study of the temporal-spatial distribution of AQP5 during submandibular gland (SMG) development and in adult tissues might offer further clues to its unknown role during development. In the present work, SMGs from embryonic day (E) 14.5–18.5 and postnatal days (P) 0, 2, 5, 25, and 60 were immunostained for...