Alpine Botany

http://link.springer.com/journal/35

List of Papers (Total 12)

Phylogeography of Alpine populations of Rhytidium rugosum (Bryophyta) in a European context

The phylogeography and possible origins of the moss Rhytidium rugosum (Hedw.) Kindb. in the European Alps are studied based on information from the nuclear internal transcribed spacers 1 and 2 and a portion of the gene region for glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase for 364 European specimens. Seventy-three Alps specimens were sampled from W Switzerland to W Austria, and were ...

High intraspecific phenotypic variation, but little evidence for local adaptation in Geum reptans populations in the Central Swiss Alps

The Alpine landscape is characterized by high spatiotemporal heterogeneity in environmental variables, such as climate and soil characteristics. This may lead to divergent selection pressures across plant populations and to local adaptation. Geum reptans, a widespread high-alpine clonal herb, has been the subject of several studies investigating phenotypic variation in populations ...

A global inventory of mountains for bio-geographical applications

Mountains are hotspots of biodiversity. Yet, evaluating their importance in global biodiversity inventories requires the adoption of a pertinent definition of mountains. Here, we first compare the well-established WCMC and GMBA definitions, which both use geographical information systems. We show that the WCMC approach arrives at twice the global mountain area and much higher human ...

Plasticity of flower longevity in alpine plants is increased in populations from high elevation compared to low elevation populations

Flower longevity is an adaptive trait, optimized to balance reproductive success against the costs of flower maintenance. The trait is highly plastic in response to pollination success, and numerous studies report increased flower longevity in high elevation environments, where diversity, abundance, and activity of pollinators are low. However, few studies have experimentally ...

Alpine vegetation along multiple environmental gradients and possible consequences of climate change

Alpine plant communities are being subject to climate change, resulting in the need for plants to adapt to new conditions. In this study, we investigated changes in vascular plant diversity along a coast-inland gradient in central Norway. At four different mountains, species were registered in 100 m2 plots, laid out from the forest line to the summit. In addition, plots were ...

No evidence for a role of competitive capabilities of adults in causing habitat segregation of diploid and hexaploid Senecio carniolicus (Asteracaeae)

Hexaploid individuals of Senecio carniolicus (Asteraceae) predominantly occur in dense swards while diploids prevail in open vegetation. We test whether this habitat segregation is due to differential responses to competition. Linear regression models were used to relate biomass and maximum leaf length of adults to vegetation cover within radii of 20 cm around target individuals. ...

A definition of mountains and their bioclimatic belts for global comparisons of biodiversity data

This is the first quantitative attempt at a global areal definition of ‘alpine’ and ‘montane’ terrain by combining geographical information systems for topography with bioclimatic criteria (temperature) subdividing the life zones along elevational gradients. The mountain definition adopted here refrains from any truncation by low elevation thresholds, and defines the world’s ...

Mycorrhizal infection indicates the suitability of different management treatments for nature conservation in calcareous grassland

The vegetation composition of calcareous grasslands in Central Europe is mainly determined by the applied management treatments and the nutrient status of the ecosystems, but these factors cannot clearly be separated. Recently several authors reported a shift in growth-limiting plant nutrients from nitrogen to phosphate. Therefore, we tested the interaction between management and ...