Landscape Ecology

http://link.springer.com/journal/10980

List of Papers (Total 165)

Predicting connectivity, population size and genetic diversity of Sunda clouded leopards across Sabah, Borneo

ContextThe Sunda clouded leopard is vulnerable to forest loss and fragmentation. Conservation of this species requires spatially explicit evaluations of the effects of landscape patterns on genetic diversity, population size and landscape connectivity.ObjectivesWe sought to develop predictions of Sunda clouded leopard population density, genetic diversity and population...

The impact of European landscape transitions on the provision of landscape services: an explorative study using six cases of rural land change

ContextThe reasons for recent landscape change in the European countryside are complex and poorly substantiated. Identification of drivers of landscape transition and assessment of the effects on the provision of landscape services are subject of recent debate.ObjectivesAims of the paper are to explore what implications rural landscape transitions (as identified by land use and...

Models of upland species’ distributions are improved by accounting for geodiversity

ContextRecent research suggests that novel geodiversity data on landforms, hydrology and surface materials can improve biodiversity models at the landscape scale by quantifying abiotic variability more effectively than commonly used measures of spatial heterogeneity. However, few studies consider whether these variables can account for, and improve our understanding of, species...

Elevational treeline and forest line dynamics in Norwegian mountain areas – a review

PurposeTreelines and forest lines (TFLs) have received growing interest in recent decades, due to their potential role as indicators of climate change. However, the understanding of TFL dynamics is challenged by the complex interactions of factors that control TFLs. The review aims to provide an overview over the trends in the elevational dynamics of TFLs in Norway since the...

Landscape composition mediates movement and habitat selection in bobcats (Lynx rufus): implications for conservation planning

ContextThe analysis of individual movement choices can be used to better understand population-level resource selection and inform management.ObjectivesWe investigated movements and habitat selection of 13 bobcats in Vermont, USA, under the assumption individuals makes choices based upon their current location. Results were used to identify “movement-defined” corridors.MethodsWe...

Linking greenhouse gas emissions to urban landscape structure: the relevance of spatial and thematic resolutions of land use/cover data

ContextEmissions of greenhouse gases in urban areas play an important role in climate change. Increasing attention has been given to urban landscape structure–emission relationships (SERs). However, it remains unknown if and to what extent SERs are dependent on observational scale.ObjectiveTo assess how changing observational scales (in terms of spatial and thematic resolutions...

Landscape-scale distribution of tree roosts of the northern long-eared bat in Mammoth Cave National Park, USA

ContextThe roosting habits of many temperate zone bats are well documented at microhabitat scales, but fewer studies have included multi-scale assessments of landscape patterns in bat roost site selection.ObjectivesTo identify and assess at the landscape-scale the location of spring and early season maternity roosts of female northern long-eared bats (Myotis septentrionalis) from...

Incorporating soil ecosystem services into urban planning: status, challenges and opportunities

ContextTraditionally soils have not received much attention in urban planning. For this, tools are needed that can both be understood both by soil scientists and urban planners.PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to enhance the role of soil knowledge in urban planning practice, through the following objectives: (1) identifying the role soil plays in recent urban plans; (2...

An objective road risk assessment method for multiple species: ranking 166 reptiles and amphibians in California

ContextTransportation and wildlife agencies may consider the need for barrier structures and safe wildlife road-crossings to maintain the long-term viability of wildlife populations. In order to prioritize these efforts, it is important to identify species that are most at risk of extirpation from road-related impacts.PurposeOur goal was to identify reptiles and amphibians in...

Examining speed versus selection in connectivity models using elk migration as an example

ContextLandscape resistance is vital to connectivity modeling and frequently derived from resource selection functions (RSFs). RSFs estimate relative probability of use and tend to focus on understanding habitat preferences during slow, routine animal movements (e.g., foraging). Dispersal and migration, however, can produce rarer, faster movements, in which case models of...

Integrating animal movement with habitat suitability for estimating dynamic migratory connectivity

ContextHigh-resolution animal movement data are becoming increasingly available, yet having a multitude of empirical trajectories alone does not allow us to easily predict animal movement. To answer ecological and evolutionary questions at a population level, quantitative estimates of a species’ potential to link patches or populations are of importance.ObjectivesWe introduce an...

Dynamic surface water distributions influence wetland connectivity within a highly modified interior landscape

ContextAnimal movements are inherently linked to landscape structure. Understanding this relationship for highly-mobile species requires documenting their responses to spatiotemporal variability of resources. To that end, characterizing movement behaviors and resource distributions using the principles of habitat connectivity facilitates coordinated landscape planning efforts...

Symbolic species as a cultural ecosystem service in the European Alps: insights and open issues

PurposeSymbolic plants and animals are recognised as a cultural ecosystem service (CES), which is still underrepresented in ecosystem services assessments. Thus, this study aims at identifying and mapping important symbolic species in the European Alps, which are of cultural significance to large parts of the Alpine population.MethodsSymbolic species were identified by ten expert...

Community heterogeneity of aquatic macroinvertebrates in urban ponds at a multi-city scale

Purpose Urbanisation is a leading cause of biotic homogenisation in urban ecosystems. However, there has been little research examining the effect of urbanisation and biotic homogenisation on aquatic communities, and few studies have compared findings across different urban landscapes. We assessed the processes that structure aquatic macroinvertebrate diversity within five UK...

Is it common to be rare on the landscape? A test using a novel model system

Context Understanding how rare species are distributed can be difficult due to heterogeneity between landscape units. Lack of statistical replication of landscapes can make it difficult to carry out testing. Model systems may be a solution. Objectives We test whether lichen thalli along the trunk of a tree are analogous to habitat patches in a kilometers-extent landscape and...