Materials Research

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List of Papers (Total 486)

Comparative study between the electrochemical behavior of TiN, TiCxNy and CrN hard coatings by using microscopy and electrochemical techniques

Hard thin TiN, TiCxNy and CrN films deposited by Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) techniques onto steel substrates were immersed in an aggressive environment and evaluated by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). The mechanical and electrochemical behavior, as well as the microstructure of TiCxNy depended directly on the contents of carbon...

Preparation and characterization of poly (L-lactic acid) and poly(ethylene oxide) blends

Poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) blends were prepared by mechanical mixture and fusion of homopolymers. Samples were submitted to in vitro degradation tests (immersion in a phosphate buffer solution with pH = 7.4 at 37 °C). Independently of the blend composition, PEO was dissolved after 14 days of immersion. As expected, after immersion, scanning electron...

Microstructure of undercooled Pb-Sn alloys

Melt undercooling opens new solidification pathways for non-equilibrium phases and non-conventional microstructures. Several techniques, including the fluxing technique, have been developed in order to reduce nucleation sites and to produce high undercoolings for metals and alloys. In this work the fluxing technique was applied to Pb-25wt%Sn (hypoeutectic), Pb-61.9wt%Sn (eutectic...

Preparation and characterization of starch grafted with toluene poly (propylene oxide) diisocyanate

Amylopectin-rich starch samples (Amidex 4001 Corn Products Brasil Ingredientes Industriais Ltda.) were grafted with polyethers with the purpose of obtaining new materials for application as solid polymeric electrolytes. Grafting reaction was performed by the addition of starch dissolved in DMSO to toluene poly(propylene oxide) diisocyanate (Resibras) dissolved in the same solvent...

Mechanical properties of polypropylene/calcium carbonate nanocomposites

The aim of this work was to study the influence of calcium carbonate nanoparticles in both tensile and impact mechanical properties of a polypropylene homopolymer. Four compositions of PP/CaCO3 nanocomposites were prepared in a co-rotational twin screw extruder machine with calcium carbonate content of 3, 5, 7 and 10 wt. (%) The tests included SEM analyzes together with EDS...

Electrodeposition of polypyrrole films on aluminum surfaces from a p-toluene sulfonic acid medium

Electrodeposition of polypyrrole films on aluminum from aqueous solutions containing p-toluene sulfonic acid and pyrrole was performed by cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic technique. The influence of applied current density on the morphology of the films was studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy. The films displayed a cauliflower-like structure consisting of micro-spherical...

Charpy impact toughness of conventional and advanced composite laminates for aircraft construction

A weight-based analysis was made of the translaminar Charpy impact toughness performance of conventional and advanced composite materials for aircraft fabrication. The materials were carbon-epoxy (C-Ep) and hybrid fiber-metal TiGr (Titanium-Graphite) laminates. 5 mm-thick three-point bend specimens were tested over a temperature range of -70 to 180 ºC to reproduce typical in...

Effect of different precursors in the chemical synthesis of ZnO nanocrystals

This work evaluates the effect of ZnCl2 and Zn(NO3)2.6H2O as precursors in the synthesis of ZnO nanocrystals. The materials were obtained at 90 ºC by a simple solochemical route. The resulting samples were characterized regarding phase composition, particle size and morphology, by means of XRD and TEM. The analysis have provided evidences that the material obtained applying Zn...

Properties of high-workability concrete with recycled concrete aggregate

This study presents the effects of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) on the key fresh and hardened properties of concrete. RCA was used to produce high-workability concrete substituting 0-100% natural coarse aggregate (NCA) by weight. The slump and slump flow of fresh concretes were determined to ensure high workability. In addition, the compressive, flexural and splitting...

Chemical deposition of La0.7Ca0.3MnO3±δ films on ceramic substrates

In this paper, it is reported the growth of La0.7Ca0.3MnO3±δ films using a chemical solution deposition method (CSD) by the spin-coating technique. Such solution was prepared through a route based on modified polymeric precursor method. Spin-coating deposition on different ceramic substrates was performed and analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM...

The Effects of ZnO2 nanoparticles on strength assessments and water permeability of concrete in different curing media

In this study, the effect of limewater on strength assessments and percentage of water absorption of concrete incorporating ZnO2 nanoparticles has been investigated. Portland cement was partially replaced by ZnO2 nanoparticles with the average particle size of 15 nm and the specimens were cured in water and saturated limewater for specific ages. The results indicate that ZnO2...

Porous stainless steel for biomedical applications

Porous 316L austenitic stainless steel was synthesized by powder metallurgy with relative density of 0.50 and 0.30 using 15 and 30 wt. (%) respectively of ammonium carbonate and ammonium bicarbonate as foaming agents. The powders were mixed in a planetary ball mill at 60 rpm for 10 minutes. The samples were uniaxially pressed at 287 MPa and subsequently vacuum heat treated in two...