Urban Rail Transit

https://link.springer.com/journal/40864

List of Papers (Total 85)

A Systems Design Study Introducing a Collection Point for Baggage Transfer Services at a Railway Station in the UK

Railway transport has shown a steady growth in passenger numbers over the past 20 years across the UK. Passengers travel with luggage. It has been forecasted that there will be a reduction of “luggage racks-to-seats” ratio in the future passenger train fleet. There are currently no baggage transfer systems at any of the train stations as part of the urban rail transit system in...

Open-Source Public Transportation Mobility Simulation Engine DTALite-S: A Discretized Space–Time Network-Based Modeling Framework for Bridging Multi-agent Simulation and Optimization

Recently, an open-source light-weight dynamic traffic assignment (DTA) package, namely DTALite, has been developed to allow a rapid utilization of advanced dynamic traffic analysis capabilities. Aiming to bridge the modeling gaps between multi-agent simulation and optimization in a multimodal environment, we further design and develop DTALite-S to simplify the traffic flow...

The Hell-Bound Bandwagon: Train Rooftop Riding in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria

Media reports on train mishaps and havocs emanating from rooftop riding abound; however, there has been very limited effort on the empirical investigation of why daredevils embark on this utter suicide mission. Besides, studies that rigorously examined profiles of the perpetrators of the dastardly act are hard to come by in the literature of railway transport. Against this...

Design of Passenger Aerial Ropeway for Urban Environment

Aerial ropeway is an effective alternative to the conventional modes of land public transport in metropolitan areas and cities. Construction of passenger aerial ropeways in urban environment is a very costly enterprise in terms of engineering and economics, and requires significant financial resources. This article is aimed at the development of the design method of the passenger...

Research on Quantitative Demand of Underground Space Development for Urban Rail Transit Station Areas: A Case Study of Metro Line 1 in Xuzhou, China

Under the background of the rapid development of urban rail transit in China, the development demand of urban underground space has also greatly increased especially in the rail transit station areas. In this paper, taking the high-speed railway station area of Xuzhou Metro Line 1 as an example, the underground space development demand evaluation is conducted by considering the...

Advanced Digital Tools for Updating Overcrowded Rail Stations: Using Eye Tracking, Virtual Reality, and Crowd Simulation to Support Design Decision-making

This paper describes an innovative integration of eye tracking (ET) with virtual reality (VR) and details the application of these combined technologies for the adaptive reuse redesign of the Wudaokou rail station in Beijing. The objective of the research is to develop a hybrid approach, combining ET and VR technologies, as part of an experimental study of how to improve...

Urban Rail Transit Provides the Necessary Access to a Metropolitan Area: A Case Study of Portland, Oregon, USA

Access to good public transit for low-socioeconomic communities has been an important concern in transportation planning and urban studies research. In Portland, Oregon, USA, the rapid growth of housing prices and rents in the urban core has caused displacement of low-income residents to peripheral and suburban neighborhoods where housing is more affordable. Because public...

Tramways in Urban Areas: An Overview on Safety at Road Intersections

Although the accident number involving trams is comparatively very limited to the total road accident number, the consequences of tram crashes are very serious, especially when pedestrians are run over. The new power supply technologies (e.g. catenary-free systems) allow to build tram networks, even in old town centres and pedestrian areas, with additional increased risk of...

The Experiment Analysis of Bonding Performance between Near Surface Mounted CFRP Strip and Concrete at Different Curing Temperatures

To investigate the bonding performance of near-surface mounted (NSM) carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) technique under different curing temperatures, a total of five test specimens strengthened with NSM CFRP strip were tested by direct pull-out methods. The strain of CFRP strip, interfacial bonding shear stress, ultimate load and failure mode were analyzed through the test...

Development Status and Global Competition Trends Analysis of Maglev Transportation Technology Based on Patent Data

This study investigates magnetic levitation (maglev) transportation technology’s development status and global competition trends by mining patent data related to maglev transportation technology from five perspectives. It uses information collected from the Innography patent database: the number of annually registered patents throughout maglev’s development history, the key...

Multiagent Modelling and Simulation of a Physical Internet Enabled Rail-Road Intermodal Transport System

Simulation-based analysis has been used for planning, control, and decision-making support of physical internet enabled logistics networks. However, multiagent modelling and simulation based on micro-level interactions have been rarely developed for the pre-studies of digital transformation of urban rail transit systems. This hinders a wider industrial deployment of agent...

Analyzing Congestion Propagation on Urban Rail Transit Oversaturated Conditions: A Framework Based on SIR Epidemic Model

Simulating the congestion propagation of urban rail transit system is challenging, especially under oversaturated conditions. This paper presents a congestion propagation model based on SIR (susceptible, infected, recovered) epidemic model for capturing the congestion prorogation process through formalizing the propagation by a congestion susceptibility recovery process. In...

Smart Urban Transit Systems: From Integrated Framework to Interdisciplinary Perspective

Urban transit system is an important part of city transportation, which is an interdisciplinary industry, including traffic engineering, operation research, and computer science. To provide smart services for passengers while applying the new technologies, it is necessary to build an optimal transit network and transit service. A smart transit system is processed from strategic...

Vertical Dynamic Responses of the Cantilever Deck of a Long-Span Continuous Bridge and the Coupled Moving Trains

It may be necessary to arrange railway traffic on the outer edge of the cantilever deck of a box girder bridge for the sake of transportation planning. A continuous box girder bridge was designed in China to carry a single-track urban rail transit traffic on the cantilever deck of the bridge and three-lane highway traffic on the other part of the deck. In order to investigate the...

Urban Rail Transit Present Situation and Future Development Trends in China: Overall Analysis Based on National Policies and Strategic Plans in 2016–2020

This study analyzes the development of the urban rail transit industry in China from an overall and macroscopic perspective. Multiple factors were considered, such as the degree of urbanization, non-public vehicle ownership, road capacity, and modal share of public transport in international metropolises, as well as planning and construction of urban rail transit systems in China...

Development and Comparison of Algorithms to Derive Vehicle Location from Speed Profile Data

The rapid increases in the quantity of data being gathered regarding technological systems such as railways can promote improvements in their design and operation. Combining information from different datasets allows more in-depth analysis, such as using train location data to enhance the analysis of speed profiles and energy consumption. Positioning systems such as GPS are...

Analysis of the Spatial Accessibility of Addis Ababa’s Light Rail Transit: The Case of East–West Corridor

In this paper, spatial and statistical analysis methods were integrated to analyze the spatial accessibility, user population, and coverage of the Light Rail Transit of Addis Ababa. Stations were found to be the least accessible due to five types of land use and road network-related causes: government and social institutions with large area compounds, low road network density...

Network Analysis of the Tel Aviv Mass Transit Plan

This paper analyzes the strategic transit network plan for the Tel Aviv metropolitan area, using graph theory and other recently developed transit network measures. The different transit modes included in the strategic plan are emphasized by adding weights to distinguish metro lines from light rail lines (LRT). This approach can help compare the combined metro or LRT alternatives...

Rail Transit Development of the Pearl River Delta Planning, Obstacles and History

A new round of regional planning was conducted from 2014 to 2016 by the provincial government of Guangdong, providing an overview of the regional transportation development and history. Major problems in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) railway network are identified: the inconsistencies between railway planning and land use, lack of transit-oriented regional policy, issues regarding...

Innovative Interior Designs for Urban Freight Distribution Using Light Rail Systems

High levels of pollution and congestion in urban centres are an increasing concern for local councils in the UK. Heavy goods vehicles delivering urban freight to city centres are a leading cause of this problem. This paper discusses the concept of using light rail networks to deliver freight to city centres from surrounding businesses. Specifically, various innovative designs are...

Tribological Aspects of Wheel–Rail Contact: A Review of Wear Mechanisms and Effective Factors on Rolling Contact Fatigue

Nowadays, the railway is considered as a means of fast, aggregate and secure transportation. The issue of the rail and wheel contact is one of the most fundamental aspects in the railway system since inappropriate interactions create problems such as wear and a negative effect in the dynamic functioning of the train. In this research, we analyze one of the most important...

The Analysis of Tram Tracks Geometric Layout Based on Mobile Satellite Measurements

In this article, the results of the research in a field of which uses active global navigation satellite system (GNSS) geodetic networks for the inventory of geodetic geometric tram tracks are presented. The applied measurement technique has been adapted for the designing of the geometric layout of tram tracks. Several configurations of receivers and settings of an active GNSS...

Recent Trend of Regenerative Energy Utilization in Traction Power Supply System in Japan

In 2006, the first Lithium-ion battery in Japan was installed in traction power supply system by the West Japan Railway Company and now more than 20 energy storage systems have already been installed in traction power supply system in Japan. In this article, the recent Japanese trends of regenerative energy utilization are summarized not only in DC railway but also in AC railway...

Research on the Influence of Straddle-Type Monorail’s Pantograph Head Parameter on Power Collection Quality

At present, the coupling relationship between the pantograph and catenary is not ideal for straddle-type monorail. The power collection quality is poor, and the wear of the contact strip of a pantograph is uneven. Therefore, the key problem of coupling relation between the pantograph and catenary is the dynamics of a pantograph–catenary system. This paper analyzed the modal of...