Nanoscale Research Letters

http://link.springer.com/journal/11671

List of Papers (Total 5,337)

Facile Synthesis of Hierarchical Tin Oxide Nanoflowers with Ultra-High Methanol Gas Sensing at Low Working Temperature

In this work, the hierarchical tin oxide nanoflowers have been successfully synthesized via a simple hydrothermal method followed by calcination. The as-obtained samples were investigated as a kind of gas sensing material candidate for methanol. A series of examinations has been performed to explore the structure, morphology, element composition, and gas sensing performance of as...

Temperature-Dependent HfO2/Si Interface Structural Evolution and its Mechanism

In this work, hafnium oxide (HfO2) thin films are deposited on p-type Si substrates by remote plasma atomic layer deposition on p-type Si at 250 °C, followed by a rapid thermal annealing in nitrogen. Effect of post-annealing temperature on the crystallization of HfO2 films and HfO2/Si interfaces is investigated. The crystallization of the HfO2 films and HfO2/Si interface is...

The Influence of CTAB-Capped Seeds and Their Aging Time on the Morphologies of Silver Nanoparticles

Contrast to the polydisperse nanorods formed by common seed-mediated growth method without the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) in seed solution, we successfully obtained silver nanoparticles with different morphologies in the same reaction system by addition of CTAB in the seed solution. In this work, an appropriate amount of CTAB was added into the solution to...

Gastric Parietal Cell and Intestinal Goblet Cell Secretion: a Novel Cell-Mediated In Vivo Metal Nanoparticle Metabolic Pathway Enhanced with Diarrhea Via Chinese Herbs

Up to date, the way in which metal nanoparticles are cleared in vivo has yet to be elucidated well. Herein, we report a novel intestinal goblet cell-mediated in vivo clearance pathway to remove metal nanoparticles. Typical metal nanoparticles such as triangular silver nanoplates, magnetic nanoparticles, gold nanorods, and gold nanoclusters were selected as representative examples...

Facile Preparation of Carbon Nanotube-Cu2O Nanocomposites as New Catalyst Materials for Reduction of P-Nitrophenol

The effective synthesis and self-assembly of nanocomposites were of key importance for a broad range of nanomaterial applications. In this work, new carbon nanotube (CNT)-Cu2O nanocomposites were successfully synthesized via a facile approach. CNT was selected as the anchoring substrate to load Cu2O nanoparticles to prepare composite catalysts with well stability and good...

Simultaneous Generation of Multiple Three-Dimensional Tractor Curve Beams

A tractor beam, which has the ability to attract objects, is a class of special optical beams. Currently, people are using the holographic technology to shape complex optical tractor beams for both fundamental research and practical applications. However, most of the work reported is focusing on generating two-dimensional (2D) tractor beams and simple three-dimensional (3D...

Investigation of direct inkjet-printed versus spin-coated ZrO2 for sputter IGZO thin film transistor

In this work, a low leakage current ZrO2 was fabricated for sputter indium gallium zinc oxide (IGZO) thin-film transistor using direct inkjet-printing technology. Spin-coated and direct inkjet-printed ZrO2 were prepared to investigate the film formation process and electrical performance for different process. Homogeneous ZrO2 films were observed through the high-resolution TEM...

Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition of Cobalt Films Using Co(EtCp)2 as a Metal Precursor

For advanced Cu interconnect technology, Co films have been widely investigated to serve as the liner and seed layer replacement because of a better wettability to Cu than Ta. In this article, the Co films are grown by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition using Co(EtCp)2 as a precursor, and the influences of process parameters on the characteristics of the Co films are...

Controllable Optical Bistability and Four-Wave Mixing in a Photonic-Molecule Optomechanics

We theoretically investigate the nonlinear optical phenomena including optical bistability and four-wave mixing (FWM) process in a composite photonic-molecule cavity optomechanical system. The photonic-molecule cavity consisted of two whispering gallery mode (WGM) microcavities, where one WGM cavity is an optomechanical cavity with high-cavity dissipation κ and the other WGM...

Strong Coupling between a Quasi-single Molecule and a Plasmonic Cavity in the Trapping System

We theoretically investigate the strong coupling phenomenon between a quasi-single molecule and a plasmonic cavity based on the blue-detuned trapping system. The trapping system is made up of a metallic nanohole array. A finite-difference time-domain method is employed to simulate the system, and the molecule is treated as a dipole in simulations. By calculating the...

Self-Polarization of PVDF Film Triggered by Hydrophilic Treatment for Pyroelectric Sensor with Ultra-Low Piezoelectric Noise

Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) films possess multifunctional ability for piezo/pyro/ferroelectronic applications. One critical challenge of the traditional techniques is the complicated fabrication process for obtaining the poled films. In this work, the PVDF film is facilely prepared by the solution cast on hydrophilically treated substrates. The obtained PVDF films exhibit...

Dynamic Hierarchical Self-Assemble Small Molecule Structure Hexabenzocoronene for the High-Performance Anodes Lithium Ion Storage

This study examined the characteristics of small molecular structure nano-graphene in a dynamic hierarchical self-assembly and found that graphene is rearranged under its own pressure during dynamic aggregation and water ripples are formed by the d-spacing. The composition and structure were studied using a range of material characterization techniques. No covalent bonds were...

Design of Narrow Discrete Distances of Dual-/Triple-Band Terahertz Metamaterial Absorbers

Various kinds of structure designs have been proposed to achieve the multiple-band metamaterial absorbers. However, the discrete distance of adjacent frequencies of multiple absorbers is considerably large, which will inevitably overlook a large amount of information hidden in the off-resonance absorption areas. Herein, a narrow discrete distance of dual-band terahertz absorber...

Electrochemical Reduction of CO2 on Hollow Cubic Cu2O@Au Nanocomposites

Surfactant-free and low Au loading Cu2O@Au and Au hollow cubes, based on electrodeposited Cu2O cubes as sacrificed templates, were prepared by means of a galvanic replacement reaction (GRR). The electrocatalytical performance of the as-prepared catalysts towards carbon dioxide (CO2) electrochemical reduction was evaluated. The experimental results show that Cu2O@Au catalyst can...

Mode-Locked Er-Doped Fiber Laser by Using MoS2/SiO2 Saturable Absorber

The two-dimensional (2D) layered material MoS2 has attracted numerous attentions for electronics and optoelectronics applications. In this work, a novel type of MoS2-doped sol-gel glass composite material is prepared. The nonlinear optical properties of prepared MoS2/SiO2 composite material are measured with modulation depth (ΔT) of 3.5% and saturable intensity (Isat) of 20.15 MW...

Facile Preparation and Characterization of Polyaniline and CeO2 Co-Decorated TiO2 Nanotube Array and its Highly Efficient Photoelectrocatalytic Activity

In the present work, polyaniline and CeO2 co-decorated TiO2 nanotube arrays (PANI/CeO2/TiO2 NTAs) were facilely prepared by an electrochemical method. The as-prepared materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), an X-ray diffractometer (XRD), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The photoelectrocatalytic activity of as-prepared materials was...

Biodegradation Assessment of Poly (Lactic Acid) Filled with Functionalized Titania Nanoparticles (PLA/TiO2) under Compost Conditions

This paper presents a biodegradation study conducted for 90 days under standardized controlled composting conditions of poly (lactic acid) (PLA) filled with functionalized anatase-titania nanofiller (PLA/TiO2 nanocomposites). The surface morphology, thermal properties, percentage of biodegradation, and molecular weight changes at different incubation times were evaluated via...

Low-Temperature Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition of SiO2 Using Carbon Dioxide

In this work, we report the successful growth of high-quality SiO2 films by low-temperature plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition using an oxidant which is compatible with moisture/oxygen sensitive materials. The SiO2 films were grown at 90 °C using CO2 and Bis(tertiary-butylamino)silane as process precursors. Growth, chemical composition, density, optical properties, and...

Fabrication of CdTe QDs/BiOI-Promoted TiO2 Hollow Microspheres with Superior Photocatalytic Performance Under Simulated Sunlight

Hollow and heterostructured architectures are recognized as an effective approach to improve photocatalytic performance. In this work, ternary TiO2/CdTe/BiOI with hollow structure was constructed via a step-by-step method. In addition, the effect of TiO2 structural regulation and the energy band alignment of BiOI and CdTe quantum dots (CdTe QDs) with TiO2 in TiO2/CdTe/BiOI on...

Well-Aligned TiO2 Nanotube Arrays with Ag Nanoparticles for Highly Efficient Detection of Fe3+ Ion

Nowadays, determination of the iron ions with high sensitivity and selectivity with novel methods becomes a matter of urgency for monitoring healthy body and environment. In this paper, for the first time, we present a set of high-performance TiO2 nanotube arrays which are quite sensitive to iron ions. Firstly, the anodic oxidation method was adopted to prepare ordered TiO2...

Preparation and Characterization of Tadpole- and Sphere-Shaped Hemin Nanoparticles for Enhanced Solubility

Hemin is a potent iron supplement. A major limitation of the applicability of hemin is its extremely low aqueous solubility and bioavailability. The aim of this work is to prepare hemin nanoparticles with improved solubility. Transmission electron microscopic images showed that hemin nanoparticles with different initial concentrations of hemin (0.1 and 0.5 mg/mL) were tadpole...

Direct Growth of Single Crystalline GaN Nanowires on Indium Tin Oxide-Coated Silica

In this work, we demonstrated the direct growth of GaN nanowires on indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated fused silica substrate. The nanowires were grown catalyst-free using plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (PA-MBE). The effect of growth condition on the morphology and quality of the nanowires is systematically investigated. Structural characterization indicates that the nanowires...

Properties of the Geometric Phase in Electromechanical Oscillations of Carbon-Nanotube-Based Nanowire Resonators

The geometric phase is an extra phase evolution in the wave function of vibrations that is potentially applicable in a broad range of science and technology. The characteristics of the geometric phase in the squeezed state for a carbon-nanotube-based nanowire resonator have been investigated by means of the invariant operator method. The introduction of a linear invariant...

Omnidirectional Absorber by the Void Plasmon Effect in the Visible Region with Greatly Enhanced Localized Electric Field

We propose and investigate a wide-angle and high-efficiency absorber by using the void plasmon (VP) effect in a Fabry–Perot (FP)-like system, which consists of a perforated metal film and a ground metal plane separated by a dielectric spacer. A hybrid FP/VP resonance mode contributes to the high absorption efficiency. Besides the increased absorption, greatly enhanced localized...

A High-Performance Rectangular Gate U Channel FETs with Only 2-nm Distance between Source and Drain Contacts

A novel high-performance rectangular gate U channel FET (RGUC FET) for extreme integrated distance between source and drain contacts is proposed in this paper. The RGUC FET represents nearly ideal subthreshold characteristics till the distance between source/drain (S/D) contacts reduced to 2 nm. Different from the other recessed or U-shaped channel-based FETs, the gate contacts...