Nanoscale Research Letters

http://link.springer.com/journal/11671

List of Papers (Total 5,476)

On the Baliga’s Figure-Of-Merits (BFOM) Enhancement of a Novel GaN Nano-Pillar Vertical Field Effect Transistor (FET) with 2DEG Channel and Patterned Substrate

A novel enhancement-mode vertical GaN field effect transistor (FET) with 2DEG for reducing the on-state resistance (RON) and substrate pattern (SP) for enhancing the breakdown voltage (BV) is proposed in this work. By deliberately designing the width and height of the SP, the high concentrated electric field (E-field) under p-GaN cap could be separated without dramatically...

Ge pMOSFETs with GeOx Passivation Formed by Ozone and Plasma Post Oxidation

A comparison study on electrical performance of Ge pMOSFETs with a GeOx passivation layer formed by ozone post oxidation (OPO) and plasma post oxidation (PPO) is performed. PPO and OPO were carried out on an Al2O3/n-Ge (001) substrate followed by a 5-nm HfO2 gate dielectric in situ deposited in an ALD chamber. The quality of the dielectric/Ge interface layer was characterized by...

Recyclable and Flexible Starch-Ag Networks and Its Application in Joint Sensor

Flexible transparent conductive electrodes are essential component for flexible optoelectronic devices and have been extensively studied in recent years, while most of the researches are focusing on the electrode itself, few topics in material green and recyclability. In this paper, we demonstrate a high-performance transparent conductive electrode (TCE), based on our previous...

Germanium Negative Capacitance Field Effect Transistors: Impacts of Zr Composition in Hf1−xZrxO2

Germanium (Ge) negative capacitance field-effect transistors (NCFETs) with various Zr compositions in Hf1−xZrxO2 (x = 0.33, 0.48, and 0.67) are fabricated and characterized. For each Zr composition, the NCFET exhibits the sudden drop in some points of subthreshold swing (SS), which is induced by the NC effect. Drive current IDS increases with the increase of annealing temperature...

Formation of Monodisperse Carbon Spheres with Tunable Size via Triblock Copolymer-Assisted Synthesis and Their Capacitor Properties

A facile hydrothermal polymerization method has been developed for the preparation of monodisperse carbon spheres (MCSs) using the triblock copolymer F108 as surfactant. The synthesis is based on the ammonia-catalyzed polymerization reaction between phenol and formaldehyde (PF). The resultant MCSs have a perfect spherical morphology, smooth surface, and high dispersity. The...

High-Performance CsPbI2Br Perovskite Solar Cells with Zinc and Manganese Doping

Photovoltaic performances of CsPbI2Br solar cells are still lower than those of hybrid inorganic–organic perovskite solar cells, and researchers are exploring ways to improve their efficiencies. Due to its higher thermal stability in comparison with the generally studied hybrid inorganic–organic perovskites, all-inorganic CsPbI2Br has recently attracted great attention. By...

New Insights on Factors Limiting the Carrier Transport in Very Thin Amorphous Sn-Doped In2O3 Films with High Hall Mobility

We demonstrated that a mass density and size effect are dominant factors to limit the transport properties of very thin amorphous Sn-doped In2O3 (a-ITO) films. a-ITO films with various thicknesses (t) ranging from 5 to 50 nm were deposited on non-alkali glass substrates without intentional heating of the substrates by reactive plasma deposition with direct-current arc discharge...

Atomic Layer Deposition of Buffer Layers for the Growth of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays

Vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays (VACNTs) show a great potential for various applications, such as thermal interface materials (TIMs). Besides the thermally oxidized SiO2, atomic layer deposition (ALD) was also used to synthesize oxide buffer layers before the deposition of the catalyst, such as Al2O3, TiO2, and ZnO. The growth of VACNTs was found to be largely dependent...

High-Performance a-InGaZnO Thin-Film Transistors with Extremely Low Thermal Budget by Using a Hydrogen-Rich Al2O3 Dielectric

Electrical characteristics of amorphous In-Ga-Zn-O (a-IGZO) thin-film transistors (TFTs) are compared by using O2 plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition Al2O3 dielectrics at different temperatures. High-performance a-IGZO TFTs are demonstrated successfully with an Al2O3 dielectric deposited at room temperature, which exhibit a high field-effect mobility of 19.5 cm2 V− 1 s− 1, a...

Horizontally Aggregation of Monolayer Reduced Graphene Oxide Under Deep UV Irradiation in Solution

Graphene has been widely used in novel optoelectronic devices in decades. Nowadays, fabrication of large size monolayer graphene with spectral selectivity is highly demanded. Here, we report a simple method for synthesizing large size monolayer graphene with chemical functionalized groups in solution. The few layer nano-graphene can be exfoliated into monolayer nano-graphene...

Effect of orientation on polarization switching and fatigue of Bi3.15Nd0.85Ti2.99Mn0.01O12 thin films at both low and elevated temperatures

Bi3.15Nd0.85Ti2.99Mn0.01O12 (BNTM) thin films with (200)-orientations, (117)-orientations, and mixed-orientations were prepared by sol-gel methods. The influence of orientations on polarization fatigue behaviors of BNTM thin films were systematically investigated at both low and elevated temperatures. It was found that the changed trends of the polarization fatigue of (200...

Nanoscale Vertical Arrays of Gold Nanorods by Self-Assembly: Physical Mechanism and Application

The unique photonic effect of self-assembled metal nanoparticles is widely used in many applications. In this article, we prepared self-assembled gold nanorod (GNR) vertical arrays substrate by an evaporation method and found that the morphology of the substrate can be effectively regulated by changing the immersion time in the target molecules solution to obtain different Raman...

Nanocrystal-Embedded-Insulator (NEI) Ferroelectric FETs for Negative Capacitance Device and Non-Volatile Memory Applications

We report a novel nanocrystal-embedded-insulator (NEI) ferroelectric field-effect transistor (FeFET) with very thin unified-ferroelectric/dielectric (FE/DE) insulating layer, which is promising for low-voltage logic and non-volatile memory (NVM) applications. The ferroelectric nature of the NEI layers comprising orthorhombic ZrO2 nanocrystals embedded in amorphous Al2O3 is proved...

Coding Anisotropic Metasurface with Integrated Broadband Tunable Radiation and Low-Scattering Performance

In this paper, we propose a coding electromagnetic metasurface (EMMS) with integrated broadband tunable radiation and low-scattering performance. Anisotropic elements demonstrating opposite phases under x- and y-polarized incidence are investigated and coded as “0” and “1” basic elements. These elements are then arranged in an optimized layout using a simulated annealing...

Mapping the structural, electrical, and optical properties of hydrothermally grown phosphorus-doped ZnO nanorods for optoelectronic device applications

The phosphorus-doped ZnO nanorods were prepared using hydrothermal process, whose structural modifications as a function of doping concentration were investigated using X-ray diffraction. The dopant concentration-dependent enhancement in length and diameter of the nanorods had established the phosphorus doping in ZnO nanorods. The gradual transformation in the type of...

Tailoring Cell Morphomechanical Perturbations Through Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

The nowadays growing use of nanoparticles (NPs) in commercial products does not match a comprehensive understanding of their potential harmfulness. More in vitro investigations are required to address how the physicochemical properties of NPs guide their engulfment within cells and their intracellular trafficking, fate, and toxicity. These nano-bio interactions have not been...

Anchoring Plasmonic Ag@AgCl Nanocrystals onto ZnCo2O4 Microspheres with Enhanced Visible Photocatalytic Activity

In this work, a comprehensive investigation of the composite Ag@AgCl/ZnCo2O4 microspheres photocatalyst, prepared by a facile two-step method, is presented, and using complementary characterization tools such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X ray spectroscopy (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution...

Direct Growth of Graphene on Insulator Using Liquid Precursor Via an Intermediate Nanostructured State Carbon Nanotube

Synthesis of high-quality graphene layers on insulating substrates is highly desirable for future graphene-based high-speed electronics. Besides the use of gaseous hydrocarbon sources, solid and liquid hydrocarbon sources have recently shown great promises for high-quality graphene growth. Here, I report chemical vapor deposition growth of mono- to few-layer graphene directly on...

Chemical Vapor Deposition of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays: Critical Effects of Oxide Buffer Layers

Vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) were synthesized on different oxide buffer layers using chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The growth of the VACNTs was mainly determined by three factors: the Ostwald ripening of catalyst nanoparticles, subsurface diffusion of Fe, and their activation energy for nucleation and initial growth. The surface roughness of buffer layers...

Angle-Insensitive Broadband Absorption Enhancement of Graphene Using a Multi-Grooved Metasurface

An angle-insensitive broadband absorber of graphene covering the whole visible spectrum is numerically demonstrated, which is resulted from multiple couplings of the electric and magnetic dipole resonances in the narrow metallic grooves. This is achieved by integrating the graphene sheet with a multi-grooved metasurface separated by a polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) spacer, and an...

Hierarchical Structure Kaolinite Nanospheres with Remarkably Enhanced Adsorption Properties for Methylene Blue

Kaolinite nanospheres with hierarchical structures were synthesized via dehydration—rehydration technique through calcined—hydrothermal route. The microstructure of samples were characterized and analyzed by diverse techniques. The results show that after hydrothermal treatment, the layered pseudo-hexagonal kaolinite particles transformed to hierarchical structure nanospheres...

High-Performance Cathode Material of FeF3·0.33H2O Modified with Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene for Lithium-Ion Batteries

The FeF3·0.33H2O cathode material can exhibit a high capacity and high energy density through transfer of multiple electrons in the conversion reaction and has attracted great attention from researchers. However, the low conductivity of FeF3·0.33H2O greatly restricts its application. Generally, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene can be used as conductive networks to improve the...

Silicon Nanowire Heterojunction Solar Cells with an Al2O3 Passivation Film Fabricated by Atomic Layer Deposition

Silicon nanowires (SiNWs) show a great potential for energy applications because of the optical confinement effect, which enables the fabrication of highly efficient and thin crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells. Since a 10-μm-long SiNW array can absorb sufficient solar light less than 1200 nm, the 10-μm-long SiNW was fabricated on Si wafer to eliminate the influence of the Si...

Atomic Layer Deposited Hf0.5Zr0.5O2-based Flexible Memristor with Short/Long-Term Synaptic Plasticity

Artificial synapses are the fundamental of building a neuron network for neuromorphic computing to overcome the bottleneck of the von Neumann system. Based on a low-temperature atomic layer deposition process, a flexible electrical synapse was proposed and showed bipolar resistive switching characteristics. With the formation and rupture of ions conductive filaments path, the...

Antitumor Effect of 131I-Labeled Anti-VEGFR2 Targeted Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles in Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer

Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) comprises approximately 2% of all thyroid cancers, and its median survival rate remains poor because of its resistance to conventional therapy. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-targeted therapeutics-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles represent a major advance for angiogenesis imaging and inhibition in lethal cancers. In the...